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There’s No Place Like Home, Especially if It’s Made of Hemp

Widely used in other countries, a variety of the cannabis plant is providing contractors with more efficient construction materials for houses and other structures.
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The Romans have been using it since the days of Julius Caesar, but not to get high. Both Washington and Jefferson grew it.

Now that several states have legalized the use of marijuana for some recreational and medical purposes, one of the biggest untapped markets for the cannabis plant itself — at least one variety — could be as a building tool.

The most sustainable building material isn’t concrete or steel — it’s fast-growing hemp. Hemp structures date to Roman times. A hemp mortar bridge was constructed back in the 6th century, when France was still Gaul.

Now a wave of builders and botanists are working to renew this market. Mixing hemp’s woody fibers with lime produces a natural, light concrete that retains thermal mass and is highly insulating. No pests, no mold, good acoustics, low humidity, no pesticide. It grows from seed to harvest in about four months.

A strain of the ubiquitous Cannabis sativa, the slender hemp plant is truly weedlike in its ability to flourish in a wide variety of climates, growing as high as 15 feet and nearly an inch in diameter. The plant’s inner layer, the pith, is surrounded by a woody core called the hurd. This is the source of the tough fiber, which can be used for rope, sails and paper.

Hemp is typically planted in March and May in northern climes, or between September and November below the Equator. Once cut, usually by hand, plants are left to dry for a few days before they’re bundled and dumped into vats of water, which swells the stalks. Those dried fibers are then blended for a variety of uses, such as adding lime. This creates block-like bricks known as hempcrete.

Industrial hemp contains a mere 0.3 percent of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the substance responsible for the buzz when smoking weed. The cannabis present at a reggae fest, for instance, contains as much as 20 percent.

The two strains look different, too. Hemp’s sativa is taller; the shorter indica has resiny trichomes accounting for its psychoactive power. The rule goes: the better the budding flower, the poorer the hemp.

Image
Credit…Harmless Home

Also unlike pot, you can’t grow hemp in an indoor hydroponics setup; the plant’s deep roots need to spread, so outdoor cultivation is required. The plant’s seeds and leaves can be eaten raw, dried into powder or pressed into oils.

Getting a mature plant in just a few months — with less fertilizer than needed for industrial crops like corn, and without chemical fertilizers or bug sprays — makes the potential for profit huge. As hemp taps water underground, its long roots circulate air, which improves soil quality — another boon for farmers looking to rotate crops.

Battling the plant’s powerful drug connotation might be the toughest hurdle for farmers and builders, and is possibly a more formidable obstacle during the Trump administration. The plant is still highly regulated.

This January, though, California legalized use of the plant in full. And the federal farm legislation of 2014 legalized hemp’s cultivation for research purposes in universities in states where it’s been approved by law. New York now funds a research initiative for as much as $10 million in grants toward hemp businesses, with participation in the pilot program from institutions that include Cornell University.

Still, in the United States special permits are needed to build with hemp, and the requirements can vary by county and state. The first modern hemp house was constructed in 2010, in North Carolina. There are now about 50 such homes in the country.

But not much hemp is grown here; a little less than 10,000 acres so far, enough for about 5,000 single-family homes. Cultivated acreage in Canada is double that, and in China’s Yunnan province, 10,000 farmers grow it. Roughly 30 nations now produce hemp, including Spain, Austria, Russia and Australia.

Hemp was rediscovered in the 1980s across Europe, where cultivation is legal, and France has became the European Union’s largest hemp producer. Hundreds of buildings across the continent use the substance as insulation to fill walls and roofs, and under floors in wood-framed buildings.

Manufacturers say it’s ideal for low-rise construction, a product that’s stucco-like in appearance and toxin-free. Its promoters also boast that it has a lower carbon footprint, requiring three times less heat to create than standard limestone concrete.

More like drywall than concrete, hempcrete can’t be used for a foundation or structure; it’s an insulation that needs to breathe, said Joy Beckerman, a hemp law specialist and vice president of the Hemp Industries Association, a trade group.

Credit…Nathaniel Brooks for The New York Times

Hemp shouldn’t be used at ground level, or it loses its resistance to mold and rot. Lime plaster coatings or magnesium oxide boards have to be applied to anything touching hempcrete, or the lime will calcify it and lose its ability to absorb and release water.

While that sounds like a lot of work, Ms. Beckerman pointed to the long-term payoff.

“In many climates, a 12-foot hempcrete wall will facilitate approximately 60-degrees indoor temperatures year-around without heating or cooling systems,” she said. “The overall environmental footprint is dramatically lower than traditional construction.”

There still aren’t international standards for building with hemp, or codes regulating how it should be used structurally or safely. ASTM International, a technical standards organization, formed a committee to address this in 2017.

Nonetheless, the use of hempcrete is spreading. A Washington State company is retrofitting homes with it. Left Hand Hemp in Denver completed the first permitted structure in Colorado last year. There’s Hempire in Ukraine, Inno-Ventures in Nepal. Israel’s first hemp house was constructed in March on the slopes of Mount Carmel.

Down south, New Zealanders turned 500 bales of Dutch hemp into a property that fetched around $650,000. In Britain, HAB Housing built five homes with hempcrete last year. Canada’s JustBioFiber recently completed a house on Vancouver Island with an interlocking internal framed hemp-block inspired by Legos.

It’s a niche but growing sector of the cannabis market. In 2015, the Hemp Industries Association estimated the retail market at $573 million in the United States.

“When I started Hempitecture in 2013 and presented the concept, venture capitalists laughed at the idea,” said Matthew Mead, the founder of Hempitecture, a construction firm in Washington. “Now there are over 25 states with pro-hemp amendments and legislation, and the federal farm bill has its own provision supporting the development of research toward industrial hemp.”

One major issue is cultivation. Although it has been legal to grow hemp in Canada since 1998, farmers need to apply for licenses. In Australia, industrial hemp agriculture has been legal for over 20 years.

In the United States, a provision in the farm bill removed hemp grown for “research purposes” from the Controlled Substances Act. Farmers and researchers in more than a dozen states can now import hemp seeds. The Industrial Hemp Farming Act, pending in the House for the seventh time, would exempt hemp plants in toto from the controlled substance designation, an Olympic leap toward a burgeoning agro-business.

Credit…Harmless Home

Much like the “pot-repreneurs” who set up marijuana dispensaries a decade ago, before laws were definitive, a generation is pushing ahead despite uncertainties.

Sergiy Kovalenkov, 33, a Ukrainian civil engineer who spent the last three years building hemp structures and consulting on projects in Ukraine, France, Sweden and Jamaica, is beginning a project in California. The hardest steps, Mr. Kovalenkov said, are paperwork, permits and seeds.

“Building codes vary from state to state, with regulations in terms of fire and seismic activities,” he said. “If we’re talking sustainable product, seeds cannot come from Poland or France. It has to come from California.”

Only one facility in the United States processes hemp stalks, in North Carolina. Mr. Kovalenkov’s firm, Hempire USA, has also devised its own fiber separation system. “The demand is going to be quite big in the next three to five years,” Mr. Kovalenkov said.

But what does a hemp house smell like?

“It smells like comfort,” Mr. Kovalenkov said, laughing. “It smells a little like lime. We’re using the stalk. You cannot smell cannabis — it has nothing to do with smoking weed or cannabis plants. It’s an industrial agriculture crop.”

In October, representatives from 14 countries attended the seventh annual Hemp Building Symposium at the International Hemp Building Association in Quebec. Terry Radford, the president of JustBioFiber Structural Solutions, an I.T.-pro-turned-tinkerer, unveiled a prefab hemp composite that could be more attractive to city planners and government building code officials.

“The problem with hempcrete right now,” he said, “is each one has to be inspected and have an exemption from the building code. It’s difficult for builders to get approved. If you’re trying to get a mortgage on your house, it’s pretty restrictive. That’s our biggest challenge.”

“Our idea is to get the material certified by building coders, rather than have each one approved,” he added. “The difference between hempcrete and my block product is that we’re a structural product. Hempcrete by itself is just an insulation.” The start-up is preparing to produce a 112,000-square-foot facility in British Columbia.

Mr. Mead, the head of Hempitecture, echoes the concerns of others. For farmers to expand, he said, the infrastructure has to be there. Without a network to process materials, “it will be difficult for farmers to know if they can grow this crop and turn a profit.”

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/29/science/hemp-homes-cannabis.html

Heartland

What is CBD coffee? How many drops of CBD oil in coffee can be mixed?

CBD coffee is one of the newest trends to hit the market nowadays. Most people usually start their mornings with a strong cup of coffee to energise them for the…
Republished by Plato

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CBD coffee is one of the newest trends to hit the market nowadays. Most people usually start their mornings with a strong cup of coffee to energise them for the day. Of late, health-conscious people are adding CBD to coffee to reap the benefits of a unique brew. However, for many unacquainted with this new trend, the questions remain: What is CBD Coffee? How many drops of CBD oil in coffee can be mixed?

Let’s go ahead and answer these as well as questions related to potential health benefits CBD and coffee in detail below.

What is CBD coffee?

‘CBD-infused coffee’ and ‘CBD coffee’ are some of the general terms used for coffee that has CBD added to it. CBD can be added to any type of coffee; be it a roast, a cold brew, an espresso, or a latte.

There are two ways that CBD coffee can be made. One way is that CBD oil can be added to a freshly prepared cup of coffee. Another way is that people can buy pre-infused CBD coffee grounds. Many companies nowadays are offering this innovative coffee product. In CBD infused coffee, CBD is mixed beforehand in the coffee beans during the roasting process. You simply use them to make a cup of CBD coffee.

Can you put CBD oil in coffee?

Yes, you can easily put CBD oil in coffee. CBD oil is a versatile ingredient and can be added to many beverages, coffee being one of them. Adding CBD oil to coffee is actually a very convenient way of consuming CBD and comes with many benefits. It is a discreet method to ingest CBD anytime. You can easily carry it in your bag or purse anywhere. Moreover, using CBD oil in coffee allows you to control your daily CBD dosage.

The only thing to be mindful of when adding CBD oil to coffee is not to do it in a paper cup. Paper cups may absorb the CBD oil before you get the chance to consume it.

Besides its antioxidant properties and numerous health benefits, people mostly drink coffee to benefit from caffeine. It is the active ingredient in coffee which makes you feel alert and focused. However, it might also make you feel anxious and increase your heart rate and give you the infamous coffee jitters.

CBD oil can help counter these effects. This is the main reason it is added to coffee. CBD oil is known for its calming and anxiety-reducing properties. When mixed with coffee, it provides a perfect balance between the two. You feel mellow yet alert and focused.

How many drops of CBD oil in coffee can be mixed?

The number of CBD oil drops in your coffee depends on your own personal preferences. It also depends on the strength of your CBD oil and your reasons for taking it. Generally, the recommended dose is 5-15 mg of CBD per cup. Anecdotal evidence from regular CBD coffee drinkers suggests the following preferred combinations and dosages:

  • 5-7.5 mg is a preferred dose for weekday mornings. This is because consuming CBD in small quantities has been found to have an invigorating effect. This makes it a perfect complement to a cup of a strong coffee, as it is still potent enough to overcome the unwanted coffee jitters.
  •  10-15 mg is preferred for a really soothing cup of coffee. Ideal brew for a lazy weekend.

How to make CBD coffee?

There are two common ways you can make CBD coffee. The first is by putting CBD oil in coffee after you make it. The second is by using CBD infused coffee beans. Let’s have a detailed look at both below:

1. Adding CBD oil in coffee:

To make CBD coffee this way, follow these common steps:

  • Add 6 oz of freshwater or spring water to your coffeemaker. This is better for the taste than distilled water.
  •  Decide on the amount of coffee and CBD you want. Usually, 2 teaspoons of coffee along with 5 mg of CBD are enough for a 6-ounce cup of coffee. However, feel free to adjust this to your liking.
  • Add the coffee to the coffee maker and brew your coffee. You can also add milk and syrups depending on your taste.
  • Now that your coffee is prepared, add a few drops of CBD oil to it according to your preferred dosage. Mix the coffee with a spoon or a frother to combine all the ingredients well.

2. Using CBD-infused coffee beans:

To make CBD coffee this way, follow these common steps:

  • Add around 10-15 g of ground CBD coffee to your cafetiere or French press.
  •  Measure and add boiling water (around 6-ounces)
  •  Stir and wait around 2-3 minutes
  • In the last step, gently push the plunger/ strainer down and pour yourself a cup of hot CBD coffee.

CBD – Infused Coffee

Both Coffee and CBD have their own set of benefits individually. When combined, they can act as a powerhouse of health support, according to anecdotal evidence from people who consume CBD coffee regularly.

CBD is known for it’s anti-inflammatory and anxiety-reducing properties. Coffee is rich in antioxidants too. A cup of CBD coffee in the morning can therefore help with managing chronic pain and assist in muscle recovery from a strenuous workout.

The infusion of CBD in coffee makes a perfect between CBD and caffeine. You not only reap the benefits of Vitamins B1, B2 and Vitamin D, omega-3 and omega 6- fatty acids, you also feel much calmer and focused. CBD oil successfully counteracts the side effects of caffeine such as jitteriness, muscle cramps and increased anxiety.

Moreover, CBD works well in tandem with the caffeine in coffee. When combined, they both increase the duration of the effects of one another. This is beneficial for CBD coffee consumers as they feel heightened levels of calm productivity and alertness for longer periods of time.

Another point to note is that since CBD has no addictive or psychoactive qualities, CBD coffee is non-addictive and will not get you ‘high’.

However, like all good things, CBD coffee should be consumed in moderation. To experience the benefits of CBD coffee discussed above, no more than 2 cups of CBD infused coffee should be taken in a day.

Key Takeaways

CBD coffee in the UK is gaining popularity fast. Many cafés are offering a variety of CBD infused coffees, ranging from cold brews to espressos and lattes. CBD oil and coffee work well together. Anecdotal evidence suggests that when combined, they both offer a host of health benefits such as reducing anxiety and enhancing mental alertness.

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Source: https://www.theextract.co.uk/lifestyle/what-is-cbd-coffee/

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Women promote cannabis use and marijuana cultivation

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The cannabis world is also purple: they are mothers, activists, professionals from different areas, entrepreneurs, cultivators, consumers. They are cannabis women.

The feminist tide that runs through Latin America, as well as the debates over the legalization of cannabis in the region, has given them visibility. In Mexico, their voices are increasingly present in the streets, on social networks, through collectives and associations that promote the medicinal or recreational use of the plant, spaces from which they also seek to break with stigmas and demand legalization with a gender perspective.

Karen growcia is one of them. Three years ago, tired of being stigmatized and taking risks for clandestinely obtaining marijuana, she decided to adapt her backyard and a corner indoors to grow her own plants. « Because of the need to stop risking my life by going to look for cannabis in places where they are not recommended for a woman and to stop consuming things that we do not know what they have, that is why my desire to start growing », he says.

A member of the Puerto Rican collective YunqueCrew, mother of an eight-year-old girl and a consumer for 10 years, she has found in cannabis a way to cope with exhausting maternal care and menstrual pain: “as a mother, one suffers a lot of stress; you are undertaking and you are very moved, this serves for stress. In menstrual cycles, instead of taking a pill, I smoke a joint or use CBD, the medicinal part, to calm my nerves and pains ”.

Jesica Maravilla « marnúñ », who participates taking care of the garden in the 420 plant installed outside the Senate of the Republic for a year, also considers that it is a plant that nourishes the female body.

Others have been enjoying its medicinal benefits for years, even if that means going against the medical structure. It is the case of Erandeni « Gi », who has been using marijuana for eight years to control epilepsy. This girl who collaborates in the social networks of the 420 plant says that it was her doctor who unofficially suggested drinking it in tea to alleviate insomnia and epileptic seizures, then she discovered the oil that changed her life.

« Little by little I was able to stop the medication without having problems, I have a good life and I am not taking other alternative medications. I don’t know if it works for everyone, but it does for me, and it is important that others understand the benefits, » he says.

Spreading the healing properties of cannabis and debunking the myths that demonize it is precisely the mission of The Sisters of the Valley, a movement of cannabis “nuns” born in California, which has partners in Mexico and other countries. For four years, the sisters Camilla and Luna They took the habit that characterizes the group and has dedicated themselves to promoting and marketing medicinal products in the country.

Wearing the habit is symbolic, they are not religious, but their life is governed by respect for nature, and the elaboration of their products follows a particular ritual: “Our plants and products are made under lunar cycles, it is part of our rules and commitments; It is medicine and we care that it has the best of us; we do ceremonies between lunar cycles and the production of our medicine ”, he explains Camilla Valley, activist and founder of the group in Mexico.

Its medicinal properties are mainly anti-inflammatory, which is why it acts against joint pain, migraines and menstrual cramps, explains Luna, who also studies biomedicine.

From other international associations such as Mother Cultivate ‘Mothers from different Latin American countries whose children suffer from epilepsy or other pathologies have been fighting for years so that access to cannabis oil, seeds of the plant and their self-cultivation are decriminalized. Thus they have also managed to weave a network of collective care.

In Texcoco, Mariana lopez he has woven his own self-care networks with marijuana. Buds grow in her home garden that she uses for home remedies. He started preparing them to relieve their migraines and joint pains, now he makes creams and oils that he then distributes to his neighbors and mothers with children with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).

There is no doubt that in the country, even though legalization is still pending, there is a booming cannabis industry, and women are putting their own stamp on it. Medicinal, therapeutic, feminine hygiene products, to promote sexual pleasure, cosmetics. “What are they not doing! There are girls making lubricants, there are different themes, and they are all betting on the first step, which is not being afraid to recognize themselves and to be the front line of cannabis women who are fighting for all, « he says Cati Villarreal, cultural manager and member of the women’s circles that organize every Wednesday at the Reforma sit-in.

In that weekly space, Cati and other girls have brought together 11 cannabis women’s organizations for the first time to share experiences and create solidarity networks. From there they also seek to sensitize the cannabis movement to the feminist struggle and demand legalization with a gender perspective, since proposals such as the bill that is currently being reviewed in Congress leave those who self-cultivate for medicinal or recreational use at a disadvantage.

They are marking more stigmatization, says Karen: “I have a daughter and the new law is telling me that I cannot grow or consume if I have a minor at home, although I have a space with a patio so I don’t do it where he is, and He also tells me that I cannot smoke on the street, instead of helping, he is stigmatizing and criminalizing us more ”.

Anyone should grow what they consume without being labeled a criminal, he maintains. In her opinion, the law under discussion will benefit only large companies: “If I, as a mother cultivator, want to start a business, I will find it very difficult because I will not have the money to buy a permit and be able to get a product, a mark ».

Both the bill and the recently published regulations governing the medicinal use of marijuana do not take into account entrepreneurial women or indigenous peasant women or producers.

« How is it possible that the regulation only contemplates five or six plants and if they find a seventh I will already be a drug trafficker? », Asks Cati, who also points out the void in which this law would leave peasant women or indigenous women who cultivate and benefit from the plant from their traditional knowledge.

“The female deputies are not talking about cannabis women and what they use them for, some are mothers taking care of their children. They are going to have to request more than five licenses to cure their children.  » She assures that they are leaving vulnerable groups of women at a disadvantage, such as the elderly, peasant women or single mothers.

The Sisters of the Valley México see advances in regulation, but also criticize that it only benefits a few. In addition, they question that the regulation of medicinal use published on January 1 indicates that any promotion of cannabis medicine is directed only to health professionals, not to the general population.

“It makes me serious that you can’t promote it because that limits very valuable information that we all need to know, and we as activists have the job to talk about the benefits of the plant. It’s not fair to me, ”says Camilla Valley.

FS

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Source: https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=https://www.explica.co/women-promote-cannabis-use-and-marijuana-cultivation/&ct=ga&cd=CAIyGmM2M2RhZjlmZTVmZDZjMmU6Y29tOmVuOlVT&usg=AFQjCNGzGdF81ZLun1qe4j3d4I8hklL-Bg

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Heartland

Women promote cannabis use and marijuana cultivation

Republished by Plato

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… to cannabis oil, seeds of the plant and their self-cultivation are decriminalized. Thus they have also managed to weave a network of collective care. Checkout PrimeXBT
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