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MMJ Recs Medical Marijuana Cards And Your Privacy: Are MMJ Cards Confidential?

Medical marijuana (MMJ) programs are continuing to improve and expand across the country. The majority of US states now have

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Medical marijuana (MMJ) programs are continuing to improve and expand across the country. The majority of US states now have some form of MMJ treatment available to their citizens, and each year new states are joining the medical marijuana revolution and implementing their own MMJ programs.

States such as Oklahoma, which were once skeptical about MMJ, are now reaping the rewards that come with having a liberal, well-run MMJ program. Medical marijuana has massive medicinal value and provides enormous improvements to the quality of life of MMJ patients. MMJ is also big business and MMJ-friendly states are enjoying big economic benefits.

While medical marijuana is legal in most states, it is not yet legal at the federal level. So it is understandable that MMJ patients have concerns and questions about confidentiality. Are medical marijuana cards confidential? Does having a medical card show up on a federal background check? Can my employer find out I have a medical card? Does having a medical card go on your record?

Let’s find out the answers to these questions and discuss all you need to know about medical marijuana cards and your privacy.

MMJRecs - MMJ in hand
Image by StayRegular on Pixabay: Are MMJ cards confidential? For the most part, yes.

MMJ Is An Essential Medical Treatment For Millions Of Americans

While marijuana is now legal for recreational use in an ever-increasing number of states, it is crucial to remember that medical marijuana is an essential medical treatment for millions of Americans.

Medical marijuana treatment is not an exotic luxury for MMJ patients. It is a necessary treatment that enables them to experience a massively improved quality of life.

Medical Marijuana Cards And Your Privacy

Because medical marijuana treatment is an essential medical intervention for millions of Americans, privacy is a crucial issue. A person’s medical situation and history is their own business, and there are laws in place that protect the privacy and confidentiality of people’s medical records.

The main law that protects peoples’ personal health information is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). HIPAA prevents protected medical information from showing up on a background check.

Are MMJ Cards Confidential?

Medical marijuana cards are an integral part of many people’s health and wellness arsenal. Most MMJ card holders rely on their MMJ to get through the day relatively pain-free and to live a normal life. For this reason, medical marijuana cards are confidential in the large majority of cases, apart from certain specific scenarios related to employment.

Normally, only you, your doctor, your dispensary, and any other people you choose to tell will know you are an MMJ patient. However, certain jobs will want to know if you use medical marijuana because they have a legally protected policy of not hiring MMJ patients.

Do Employers Have To Know About Medical Marijuana Cards?

States laws differ on the question of whether an employer has to know about an employee’s MMJ card. Most jobs will have no requirement for employees to provide information about MMJ treatment. In the majority of jobs, the only stipulation will be that the employee not dose at work to the extent that they cannot fulfill their job.

However, most states have a list of jobs that are considered “safety-sensitive” and these jobs can have a “no MMJ” policy. Safety-sensitive jobs include:

  • Nurses and medical practitioners
  • Childcare
  • Jobs that involve firearms
  • Jobs that involve operating heavy machinery or driving

Safety sensitive jobs are entitled to have a policy of not hiring medical marijuana patients.

Can My Employer Find Out If I Have A Medical Card?

Your medical information is confidential, so an employer cannot demand access to it. However, for safety-sensitive jobs, most employers will insist on a drug test. If you refuse to undergo a drug test or fail a drug test, then you will not be hired.

MMJRecs - medical marijuana plant
Image by RexMedlen on Pixabay: MMJ treatment is part of your protected, private personal health information.

Does Having A Medical Card Show Up On A Federal Background Check Or Any Other Records?

Medical marijuana cards will not show up on a federal background check because they are protected under HIPAA legislation.

Your medical marijuana card will appear on your personal medical records, which will be accessible to medical professionals who treat you. Your name will also appear on your state’s MMJ card registry. However, both your personal medical records and your state’s MMJ registry are confidential.

How Do You Apply For An MMJ Card?

If you would like a confidential medical marijuana card, the easiest way to apply is through MMJRecs. The team will set up an online consultation between you and an MMJ doctor in your state. Once the doctor has verified your suitability for treatment with MMJ, they will fill in the relevant sections of an MMJ card application form and email it to you. You can then submit the completed application form to your local MMJ authorities.

Featured image by Tim Mossholder on Pixabay

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Heartland

Just tried CBD flower for the first time… I’m definitely high. Normal?

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I mean I used the same grinder that i grind my regular THC weed in but i doubt the tiny little pieces that mixed with the CBD herb mattered… so im just wondering why im high rn. Its a different high for sure, i just feel totally relaxed but its obvious that some THC is also taking effect. I bought this CBD flower at a dispensary and on the package, it said 0% THC and THC-A

Any ideas?

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/CBD/comments/k265fe/just_tried_cbd_flower_for_the_first_time_im/

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Heartland

Cannabidiol enhances cytotoxicity of anti-cancer drugs in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Cannabidiol (CBD) has anti-tumorigenic activity. However, the anti-cancer effect of CBD on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unclear. The cytotoxicity of CBD on HNSCC was analyzed using cell survival and colony-forming assays in vitro. RNA-seq was used for determining the mechanism underlying CBD-induced cell death. Xenograft mouse models were used to determine CBD’s effects in vivo. CBD treatment significantly reduced migration/invasion and viability of HNSCC cells in a…

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Cannabidiol (CBD) has anti-tumorigenic activity. However, the anti-cancer effect of CBD on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unclear. The cytotoxicity of CBD on HNSCC was analyzed using cell survival and colony-forming assays in vitro. RNA-seq was used for determining the mechanism underlying CBD-induced cell death. Xenograft mouse models were used to determine CBD’s effects in vivo. CBD treatment significantly reduced migration/invasion and viability of HNSCC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. HNSCC mouse xenograft models revealed anti-tumor effects of CBD. Furthermore, combinational treatment with CBD enhanced the efficacy of chemotherapy drugs. Apoptosis and autophagy processes were involved in CBD-induced cytotoxicity of HNSCCs. RNA-seq identified decreased expression of genes associated with DNA repair, cell division, and cell proliferation, which were involved in CBD-mediated cytotoxicity toward HNSCCs. We identified CBD as a new potential anti-cancer compound for single or combination therapy of HNSCC.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33244087/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20201127132139&v=2.13.0

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Importance of Rouviere’s sulcus in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

CONCLUSION: Identification of Rouviere’s sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can serve as an additional reference point to avoid major bile duct injury. In the era of laparoscopy, it can be better visualized after creating the pneumoperitoneum and retracting the fundus of the gallbladder.

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Background: Rouviere’s sulcus is a 2-5 cm fissure on the liver between the right lobe and caudate process. The benefit of finding the Rouviere’s sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is supported by the fact that the cystic duct and artery lay anterosuperior to the sulcus, and the common bile duct (CBD) lays below the level of the Rouviere’s sulcus. Hence, it can serve as an extrabiliary anatomical reference point during laparoscopic cholecystectomy to identify the location of CBD.

Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was carried out on 99 patients during a period of 1 year. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Rouviere’s sulcus was identified after retracting the fundus of the gallbladder toward the right shoulder. Its morphology in terms of open type, close type, or scar-like shapes was recorded, and if the CBD outline could be visualized, then its relation with the Rouviere’s sulcus was noted.

Results: Among all 99 study patients, Rouviere’s sulcus could be identified in 63 cases (63.63%), whereas it could not be seen in 36 cases (36.36%) (P < 0.007). It was of open type in 68.25% (43 cases), close type in 25.39% (16 cases), and scar like in 6.35% (4 cases) (P < 0.0001). The Rouviere’s sulcus was found to be above the level of CBD line in 50 patients (79.36%) and at the same level in 11 patients (17.46%), and in two patients, (5.97%) CBD line could not be visualized.

Conclusion: Identification of Rouviere’s sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can serve as an additional reference point to avoid major bile duct injury. In the era of laparoscopy, it can be better visualized after creating the pneumoperitoneum and retracting the fundus of the gallbladder.

Résumé Contexte: Le sulcus de Rouvière est une fissure de 2 à 5 cm sur le foie entre le lobe droit et le processus caudé. L’avantage de trouver la Rouvière sulcus au cours de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique est soutenu par le fait que le canal cystique et l’artère sont antéro-supérieurs au sulcus, et le le canal cholédoque (CBD) se situe sous le niveau du sulcus de Rouvière. Par conséquent, il peut servir de point de référence anatomique extrabiliaire pendant la cholécystectomie laparoscopique pour identifier l’emplacement du CBD. Matériels et méthodes: Cette étude observationnelle prospective a été réalisée sur 99 patients pendant une période de 1 an. Au cours de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique, le sulcus de Rouvière a été identifié après rétractation le fond de la vésicule biliaire vers l’épaule droite. Sa morphologie en termes de type ouvert, fermé ou cicatriciel a été enregistrée, et si le contour CBD pouvait être visualisé, alors sa relation avec le sulcus de Rouvière était notée. Résultats: parmi les 99 patients de l’étude, Le sulcus de Rouvière a pu être identifié dans 63 cas (63,63%), alors qu’il n’était pas visible dans 36 cas (36,36%) (p <0,007). C’était ouvert type dans 68,25% (43 cas), type proche dans 25,39% (16 cas), et cicatrice comme dans 6,35% (4 cas) (p <0,0001). Le sulcus de la Rouvière a été retrouvé être au-dessus du niveau de la lignée CBD chez 50 patients (79,36%) et au même niveau chez 11 patients (17,46%), et chez deux patients, (5,97%) CBD la ligne n’a pas pu être visualisée. Conclusion: l’identification du sulcus de Rouvière lors de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique peut servir de point de référence pour éviter une lésion majeure des voies biliaires. À l’ère de la laparoscopie, il peut être mieux visualisé après la création du pneumopéritoine et rétractant le fond de la vésicule biliaire.

Keywords: Bile duct; cholecystectomy; extrabiliary; laparoscopy.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33243952/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20201127132139&v=2.13.0

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