As per budget speech Mrs Nirmla Sitaraman said that in financial year 2018-19 the crude steel production is 106.5 mt which is higher by 3.3 % from last financial year. The sector contribute to 1.5-2.2% of the countries GDP. It is expected that crude steel production is increased over 128mt by 2021. As the NDA govt. is focussing on increasing infrastructure the demand will boost in near future. The per capita consumption is 29 mt in india as per survey which will be going to increase upto 140 mt by 2025. The investment in railway will boost the growth in sector which will boost investment in country for capacity expansion.
UK-Made Christmas Gifts for Under £25
Check out our UK-made Christmas gifts for under £25. Perfect for secret Santa, stocking fillers and presents for class teachers; sometimes you need a Christmas present that is fabulous but won’t blow your entire festive budget. We bring you our pick of UK-made Christmas gifts that have plenty of wow factor, but are all £25…
Check out our UK-made Christmas gifts for under £25.
Perfect for secret Santa, stocking fillers and presents for class teachers; sometimes you need a Christmas present that is fabulous but won’t blow your entire festive budget.
We bring you our pick of UK-made Christmas gifts that have plenty of wow factor, but are all £25 or under.
Treat yourself or loved one to a vegan-friendly Kalabash® artisan palm free soap bar and a hand-poured soy wax essential oil candle gift set.
Stylishly presented in eco-friendly, biodegradable, reusable and recyclable plastic-free packaging. Pick your favourite Caribbean inspired fragrance.
The super easy way to carry light, awkward kit and caboodle. If you are at the beach, gym or camping, hiking, fishing, caravanning, it’s an extra pair of hands.
With dozens of uses, it’s designed and made in Leeds and comes with a handy cotton storage bag.
UK-made Christmas Gifts for Under £25
All of these microwave wheat bags are hand made in Britain, from pure wool blanket fabric. The colours are dyed to Curious Rose’s own exact shades, and they add unique knitted designs.
They are embellished with a luxurious velvet ribbon, and there are two contrasting colours on the back. Soft, warm & gorgeous!
Perfect to keep in your overnight bag, these Bee Lovely favourites will keep your skin beautifully soft and lips silky smooth. With moisturising organic honey to nourish and uplifting orange essential oil to help lift the spirits.
Create perfect gin-based cocktails with this trio of aromatic garnishes a perfect present for all gin lovers.
Fabulous gift for all Gin Lovers as they can grow their own Lemon Basil, Cucumber and Purple Wild Bergamot. Handmade in the UK.
My Loads of Bubble Kit contains everything needed for hours of bubbling fun. There is enough bubble mix to make over 1000 giant bubbles. These kits are ideal presents, especially for younger kids.
The Kiddie Wands are 25cm long, and perfect for kids under the age of 7.
Artcuts craft kit contains everything you need to stamp and decorate your own wooden stag head decorations. Perfect for both beginners and more experienced crafters, this festive craft kit makes a lovely gift for Christmas!
Designed and made from beautiful Birch wood by Artcuts in the UK.
Hand Painted Silk Face Coverings – add a touch of colourful quirkiness to the everyday.
These face masks are soft and gentle on your face and comfortable to wear.
Made with two layers of silk with elastic loops to secure the mask over your ears. They are reversible and reusable and easy to wash.
Powder Butterfly’s Farne Island fine bone china mug features the colourful, iconic and beautiful puffin birds.
There is a loyal and passionate community of puffin lovers in the world. And their mug celebrates these beautiful birds in all their flamboyant glory.
A stylish, triple-layer, washable face covering with a filter pocket and adjustable straps, and made from breathable hand-painted silk.
The pattern and colour shading on each is unique. More than 50% profits are donated to the NHS Royal Free Charity.
Beautiful fabric wraps for easy gift wrapping. Based on Japanese Furoshiki art of wrapping gifts in fabric this beautiful range will bring a touch of glamour to any occasion.
Handmade from rescued from landfill fabric, Fabwrap is an eco-friendly alternative to wrapping paper. Available in 3 sizes.
Sugar Coated is a 100% natural vegan sugar wax. Their exclusive formulation is made from pure sugar syrup and water. It does not contain any citric acid, resins or additives, which means our formula gives a smooth application and gentle results.
Sugar Coated Full Body Hair Removal Kit uses their classic formulation to give you a great and safe waxing treatment on all areas of the body – from head to toe! The natural sugary caramel smell will leave you wanting more.
David Watson collaborates with local artists creating classic British designs.
Their silk & cotton pocket squares are made with love in Worcestershire.
This design was inspired by Catriona’s school run with her children through the Peak District countryside! 40x40cm.
This is a fresh and revitalising soap with a zesty and herbal scent. It contains essential oils of rosemary, lavender and lemon to awaken your senses and soothe your skin.
The shea butter and wheatrgerm oil will provide extra conditioning. It is very gentle on your skin and will tone, clense and purify your face and body.
Quality slim leather corner page cuffs all hand-stitched with linen thread. Made from luxurious British veg tanned calfskin.
A luxurious addition to book reading.
Harris Tweed® Face Covering – Fitted Shape. Amy Britton’s face coverings are made from Harris Tweed®, manufactured with a 3 layers of a fused soft non-woven lining.
They are washable, steam ironable and reusable, and lightweight (overall weight is 15 grams).
With many workshops and ‘live’ events cancelled this year, we thought it would be fun to create a candle making kit that you can make at home.
Their special blend of essential oils, soy wax, wick and container, each candle making kit comes with full instructions to make a beautiful votive candle.
Boasting the best and most iconic of Montezuma’s truffles, this selection provides the perfect seasonal indulgence.
From classic rich, dark chocolate, salted dulce de leche caramel to smooth and creamy truffles, there’s something for everyone.
Reviving Lotion with Rosemary & Black PepperWarming Lotion with Orange & Ginger.
Two gentle, effective organic lotions with pure essential oils to relax, refresh, smooth and hydrate all skin types. Suitable for men & women, the 60ml duo comes gift wrapped in a carrier with a gift tag.”
Devon Stripes are a range made exclusively from Corrymoor mohair.
The yarn is spun and dyed in Launceston, Cornwall and, as with all Corrymoor Socks, knitted in Loughborough.
100% British – grown, spun, dyed and knitted.
The inspiration for these products came about after a discussion with members of Steph’s cycling club at a post ride coffee break.
These sleeves are very transportable in the back pocket of a cycling jersey, or a bag.
Made from leather offcuts each item is hand stitched in contrasting thread.
Nakin Glowing Skin Gift Set is the perfect natural remedy for skin that needs a boost. The natural cleansing milk melts away dirt, grime and make-up with its gentle effective action.
Suitable for all skin types, including when skin is sensitive.
Make your gift giving extra special with this year! Choose from their catalogue of festive designs or upload your own for an extra personal touch. You could add photographs, quotes, drawings etc.
The possibilities are endless! Check out Fashion Formula’s Re-usable gift-wrap for the gift that keeps on giving.
Made from 5mm laser cut Walnut; the image is printed onto the wood allowing the texture to show through giving a softer, natural look. T
he overall size of each brooch sits within a 2″ (6cm) square and each has a 1.25″ (3.5cm) pin on the back with a safety catch. Each brooch comes in a gift box.
Sometimes you just want to do your own thing, so you choose which three lip balms from the Fairfield Gardens range to include in a gift set.
Choose 3 of the same, 2 of one type and one of another – whatever takes your fancy.
The balms will be packaged in a pretty patterned sleeve.
100% wool dryer balls help soften clothes naturally, increasing fluffiness as the dryer tumbles, eliminating the need for fabric softeners or dryer sheets.
They are also much quieter and more environmentally friendly than the plastic alternatives.
The African pink elephant design is a best seller with elephant lovers. This elasticated sturdy notebook is perfect for private thoughts, song writing, not talking and would make a lovely gift this Christmas.
The Recycleds Socks from Socko
Our Recycled Range is made from garment cutting waste cotton, such as t-shirt offcuts, spun with polyester from recycled PET bottles and plated with ECONYL® regenerated nylon. We’re really pleased with the result and hope you will be too!
During the day, spritz your face and neck with our Sandalwood, Jasmine and Ashwagandha Flower Water, breathe in calm.
At night, massage your chest with our Anxiety Relief Oil, feel the St John’s Wort, Ginger and Cardamom Essential Oils soothe you to restful sleep. Wake and repeat!
Introducing the GS sock subscription – a little bit of luxury, delivered directly to your door.
Subscribe and each month you’ll receive a surprise pair of socks showcasing Genevieve’s signature blend of premium yarns and contemporary patterns in seasonal, statement colours.
We hope you’re inspired by our UK-made gifts for under £25. If you enjoyed these Christmas present ideas then join our Make it British Virtual Pop-up!
Register to receive exclusive discounts and find even more UK-made gift ideas. Find out more and register here.
Make:cast – Recipes for Organizing a Makerspace
Episode 2: Tom Root on Operational Thinking for Makerspaces Tom Root and Dale Grover are co-founders of MakerWorks, a makerspace in Ann Arbor MI. They have published a new book on how to organize a makerspace based on their own experiences over nine years. The Intentional Makerspace: Operations is available […]
Episode 2: Tom Root on Operational Thinking for Makerspaces
Tom Root and Dale Grover are co-founders of MakerWorks, a makerspace in Ann Arbor MI. They have published a new book on how to organize a makerspace based on their own experiences over nine years. The Intentional Makerspace: Operations is available for purchase on Maker Shed.
In this conversation with Tom Root, we discuss how makerspaces can empower people to do things, from the small things like using tools safely to the big things like solving the world’s problems.
Tom calls himself a process geek, and we’ll geek out with him about writing standard operating procedures which should become central to managing a makerspace. We also talk about: Rosie the Riveter, lean manufacturing principles derived from Toyota including the 5Ss; and how to make it easy for people to do the right thing, like putting tools back where they belong.
Tom Root brings 21 years of experience working in the mail order/fulfillment side of Zingerman’s. He’s adapted lean manufacturing principles to operating a makerspace.
Dale: In some ways, running a business, particularly a food business, it’s based on recipes.
Dale: It’s getting many people, many different people over time to make the same thing and make it well.
Tom: You have hit on the key concept to any restaurant. Any successful restaurant figures out how to eliminate variability or increase consistency. And the primary means is recipes, that’s right.
Dale: But there’s not just recipes behind food production.
Zingerman’s are masters at defining what they call “organizational recipes.” At Zingerman’s, there are recipes for how to provide great customer service, how to build and maintain culture, even how to achieve financial success.
Dale: What the book is about is recipe development.
Tom: Back in World War II, we had to replace the workforce in this country with people who didn’t have any experience working. And we had the iconic Rosie the Riveter. We had to train Rosie the Riveter in a way of approaching the work that wasn’t just about maintaining the work, but was about improving the work.
And what Rosie was taught was that the only way you can improve something is if we all agree on the way it gets done in the first place. So without standardized process, there is no way to make improvements. So to your point, standardized process enables a lot of things. The first thing you mentioned was consistency, eliminating variability. The other thing it empowers us to do is make improvements. If you and I don’t agree on the purpose of this tool or the steps of this process, we’re never going to agree on how to improve that process. So having a standard, a recipe that we can both agree upon, it empowers a bunch of things: easy transfer of knowledge, repeatability, consistency, and a foundation on which we can make it better.
Standard Operating Procedures are recipes for anything you need to do more than once. Makerspace members use SOPs to maintain machines, process membership transactions, and teach classes
Dale: You say that Maker Works has about 240 SOPs, something like 2100 pages of documentation. One of the things that I think we all care about is safety. When someone comes up to a new machine, which could injure them, they may not see the danger to them or to the machine or to the environment. And I’ve always felt like not a lot of makerspaces do a good job on this. Talk about how you particularly use SOPs at Maker Works?
Tom: Rolling back to the real laboratory was Zingerman’s mail-order and this empowering 600 people to come in and be effective. Our measure at mail order is I want to be able to take someone who has never done this job and make them an 80% contributor in 30 minutes or less.
Now I tell you this because this sounds very similar to what the experience is of someone coming into a Makerspace. We want them to be 80% of better. safety-wise on the equipment in a really short period of time or else our risk is very high. So the lesson that we learned at mail order was that we could use these SOPs, standard operating procedures, to make people effective, efficient. But at Maker Works, we wanted to use the SOP is to keep them safe.
The term “5S” comes from 5 Japanese words that map roughly to English as follows: Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain.
Tom: The organization has to explain itself. It has to be obvious, apparent, and transparent. So 5Sing is actually a technique that’s borrowed directly from lean manufacturing of the Toyota production system.
Basically the five S’s are as follows. The first one is to sort. So, in any given work area, we want to sort what is necessary from what is not necessary. And we want to remove anything that’s not necessary. Now, one of the things you got to remember is that the first thing we got to know is what is the purpose of that area? It seems simple to say, but then it’s complicated.
The next one is to set it in order and that’s to say, clean things up. Organize things a little bit. Put them where you believe they should go. We’re going to shine. We’re going to clean. We’re going to repaint. Maybe all of us have the uncle or the aunt, who has the little outlines on the tool board.
That’s shining it and cleaning it, but more importantly, it’s the fourth step, which is standardizing. I can’t say enough about this step.
So the moment we take something out of that space, we can’t figure out how to put it back in. That means that we’ve sorted and shined and organized, but we have not standardized and therefore it cannot the fifth step be sustained. And in a maker space, we need to standardize so it can be sustained. Anybody knows where it goes.
Once you’ve spent all this time to get it, and it’s the shape and this is the standardizing, this goes here. That really facilitates the sustaining of it. So, in the makerspace, the use of 5Sing does a couple of things for us. One is it radically increases the probability that the member is going to put the tool back where it goes because first and foremost, they know where it goes. There is a home for it. There’s a designated spot for it. The second is it makes it very easy for the staff to recognize when something isn’t where it belongs. When they do a nightly walk around the shop and they look at the tool board and they see an empty hole, they don’t have to wonder, is there something missing?
Tom: Makerspaces are supposedly ordered around this notion of empowerment. We want to empower people to do these things. I think that we’re trying to take this concept of empowerment all the way down to the level of put the tools back. And our rule is that we need to make it easy to do the right thing or hard to do the wrong thing. That’s the only way to guarantee people will do the right thing is if it’s the easy thing or if it’s incredibly difficult to do the wrong thing.
If you have comments or suggestions for the podcast, email me at makeca[email protected]
Sen. Baldwin Aims to Strengthen Buy America Requirements for Ships
Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.) introduced legislation to expand Buy America preferences for the federal government’s purchases of ships, a step toward rebuilding the country’s once mighty – and now nearly nonexistent – shipbuilding capabilities.
Shipbuilding in the United States has almost entirely disappeared, and that raises a number of national security concerns.
Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.) introduced legislation earlier this week to expand Buy America preferences for the federal government’s purchases of ships, a step toward rebuilding the country’s once mighty – and now nearly nonexistent – shipbuilding capabilities.
The Made in America Shipbuilding Act would require all federal agencies to follow Buy America when purchasing all classes of ships. Buy America also would apply to the materials used to build the ship, like steel, iron, and aluminum, and all of the onboard components, like engines, valves, air circuit breakers, hoists and winches.
“For decades in Wisconsin, we’ve worked to make things: paper, engines, tools and ships. These manufacturing jobs have created shared prosperity for generations and strengthened the economic security of hard-working families across our state,” Baldwin said in a statement. “Strong Buy American standards drive local economic growth and create good paying jobs that support Wisconsin families. And because American workers are the best in the world, these standards also ensure that the federal government, including our military, purchases the highest quality ships and parts needed to carry out its various missions.”
Very little shipbuilding happens in the United States today. What does exist is mostly focused on building warships for the U.S. Navy or for ships that confine their operations to routes within the United States, which is required by the Jones Act. But the latter effort is small, consisting of only about 175 vessels, most of which are around 30 years old.
Baldwin’s office described the current Buy America requirements as “hodgepodge.” Different government agencies follow different requirements, and Buy America only applies to certain classes or ships or certain components. On top of that, the requirements that do exist can be waived due to things like cost concerns or schedule issues.
In practice, that has meant that the U.S. Navy’s Joint High Speed Vessel includes diesel engines made in Germany, South Korea or Finland, while icebreaking tugboats used by the Transportation Department contain Marine Deck Cranes imported from Italy.
Baldwin’s legislation aims to close the gaps and ensure that every federal agency that buys ships – from the Defense Department to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – abides by the same guidelines.
While Baldwin touted the potential economic benefits of the bill, it’s worth pointing out that there are also big national security implications because of America’s lack of shipbuilding. While the United States once led the world in making ships, the country’s shipmaking capabilities have significantly dwindled; just one-third of 1 percent of new commercial shipbuilding now takes place in the United States.
And when the federal government opts to buy foreign-made ships or components, it hurts what is left of America’s shipbuilding industry even further.
“Continued foreign encroachment on American manufacturers is not just a matter of economics; it’s a matter of national security,” said George Williams, CEO of the American Shipbuilding Suppliers Association, which is backing Baldwin’s bill. “The current process is decimating the American Shipbuilding Suppliers industry so much so that one day, the U. S. may be totally dependent upon foreign countries to defend our nation.”
Baldwin isn’t the only Member of Congress who has introduced legislation to increase shipbuilding in the United States.
A bipartisan bill put forth in 2019 by Rep. John Garamendi (D-Calif.) and Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) would require that vessels built in the United States transport at least 15 percent of total seaborn liquified natural gas exports by 2041 and 10 percent of total seaborne crude oil exports by 2033.
Although it seems like a relatively small percentage – just 10 percent (!!!) of crude oil exports – the requirement would bring a largely dormant industry back to life. Garamendi and Wicker said that more than 40 ships would be constructed under the requirements, creating thousands of good-paying shipyard jobs and strengthening America’s national defense at the same time.
The pair added that other countries, including Russia, already have similar requirements in place. Many countries also subsidize their shipbuilding industries.
“American shipyards and mariners are ready for the job,” Garamendi said. “Our bill ensures they are no longer expected to compete against heavily subsidized foreign shipyards in Korea, China, and elsewhere.”
Added Wicker: “Our geopolitical rivals have invested heavily in their shipbuilding capacity, and the U.S. should keep pace.”
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