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How to Grow A Hemp Garden

It seems like everywhere you look, new hemp-related articles are popping up. After the recent Farm Bill, hemp became legal to grow in (almost) every US state. With that comes an influx of farmers, jobs, and new products hitting the market every single day. Some people are skeptical, but there’s an entirely new market of people […]

The post How to Grow A Hemp Garden appeared first on Hemp Helps.

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It seems like everywhere you look, new hemp-related articles are popping up. After the recent Farm Bill, hemp became legal to grow in (almost) every US state. With that comes an influx of farmers, jobs, and new products hitting the market every single day. Some people are skeptical, but there’s an entirely new market of people that are not only interested in hemp, but interested in growing it! 

That begs the question, how difficult is it to grow hemp? Is it possible to do it at home? Today we are going to talk about how you can start your own hemp garden at home and what the process looks like. 

Keep In Mind

It’s worth noting that hemp grows faster than corn but requires less water, pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizer which makes it a more sustainable crop. Hemp is also an annual plant, which means it completes its entire life cycle during one growing season. It grows in almost any environment and can’t stand dessert and high mountain conditions. However, you should keep in mind that hemp flourishes in warm weather in well-drained soil. If you want the best results, you should mimic these conditions or grow your hemp in an area that has that kind of climate. You also do not need to plant the seeds in a pot and transfer them to the soil; they can be planted directly into the ground. Ideally, you plant your seeds after the last frost of the year; Which you can see when that is for you HERE.

Do You Need A Permit to Grow Hemp?

Since hemp was recently made legal to grow in the United States, the legality of it is still getting worked out. You still need a special permit to grow hemp; this requires a background check and a one time fee. If you were looking to start your own hemp garden in your backyard, your initial one time fee would be around $150. Keep in mind that if your plants are tested and contain any more than 0.3% THC and above they will be destroyed since they are legally considered cannabis. 

Another obstacle you’ll have to overcome is acquiring your hemp seeds. You’re going to want to go to someone who is reputable, but keep in mind with the recent legalization of hemp there is a high demand for seeds which put them in a shortage. It’s also a little tricky with all of the state laws that sending them over state lines can get messy quickly, make sure you read thoroughly on your local laws before acquiring any seeds.  

Depending on what you were planning to do with your crop, it is important to note how much profit you can get per acre of hemp you grow. Right now, you can make anywhere from $300-$480 per acre of hemp you grow, and that number is rapidly increasing with the new legalization of it. To put in perspective, soybeans will give you roughly $570 per acre; however, there’s a lot more work, water, and tools that go into the production of soybeans that make the production costs higher. 

Here are two articles on Why You Should Choose Hemp and What You Can Make From Hemp

What You’ll Need to Grow Hemp in your Garden

Supplies:

  • Hemp seeds
  • Soil
  • Shovel 
  • Trowel 
  • Tarp
  • Water
  • Seed Drill
  • Nitrogen-rich soil
  • Sickle
  • Bat/Hammer
  • Moisture Meter
  • Two buckets
  • Decorator
  • Enclosed container

Let’s Get Started Growing Hemp!

Now that we have all the initial details and legalities out of the way let’s dive into the instructions.

  1.  is for harvesting hemp fiber and (B) is for harvest hemp seeds.

Step 1: 

Choose your area where you’re going to plant your hemp. It should be in a warm area with the soil being between 6-7.5 ph. You can test this by putting a ph strip in the soil.

Step 2: 

Put the seeds 3⁄4–1 1⁄4 inches (1.9–3.2 cm) deep in the soil. You can use a seed drill attached to a lawnmower if need be (make sure to clean it after every use). It’s also worth noting that if you want hemp fibers, you should plant the seeds closer together so that they will grow up rather than growing outwards. Plant the seeds farther apart from each other if you want to harvest the seeds. This promotes the plants to be shorter and grow further out. 

Step 3:

Now you have to water your plants accordingly. You should water them 12-15 in (30-38cm) throughout the entire growing season. Make sure it’s damp 1-2 inches deep in the soil, you can check this by putting your finger in the soil to your second knuckle. 

Step 4:

Spread nitrogen-rich soil on top of your crops. Preferably on a dry day so the soil stays near the roots and does not stick to the plants. 

Step 5 (A):

If you are harvesting your hemp for hemp fiber, then as soon as the first seeds start to develop that’s when you will begin harvesting them. Use a sickle to cut the plant as low as you possibly can. 

Step 5 (B):

If you are harvesting your hemp for seeds, you have to wait roughly 16 weeks for the seeds to be fully developed. You can check to see if they are ready to be harvested by feeling the seeds, if they are hard to the touch then they are ready. Hold the top of the plant and use your sickle to cut right below the flower pods. (In the US the harvest is typically in October for your frame of reference). 

Step 6 (A): 

After harvesting, you’re going to throw all of your hemp plants in a pile in a well-ventilated area. This is going to start the retting process, which is letting the stalk rot a little bit so that the stalk separates from the fiber. (Note: Retting will not occur below 41 °F (5 °C) or above 104 °F (40 °C) ).

Step 6 (B): 

Thresh the seeds by placing them on a tarp on a flat surface and smash them with a bat/hammer until the shells are open.

Step 7 (A):

Dry your stalks in a cool, well-ventilated area until the moisture level is that of 15% or less. You can determine this with a moisture meter. 

Step 7 (B): 

Winnow the seeds to remove the broken shells and extra bits. Put all the seeds in one bucket and dump the contents of the first bucket into the empty bucket that is placed on the ground. This will let the dense seeds fall into the bucket, but let the wind take away the broken shell pieces. 

Step 8 (A):

Use a decorator to separate the fibers from the stalk of the hemp plant. This machine breaks the exterior of the plant so you can strip the fiber from it. You can contact your local farmers to see if you can buy/rent a machine from them. 

Step 8 (B):

Keep your seeds in an enclosed container in a refrigerator from 32-40 F, so they don’t germinate and rot. 

How Long Does It Take to Grow Hemp Plants?

The seed will germinate quickly and often hemp plants can reach 12 inches or more in 3-4 weeks from the date of planting. In over 60 days, you’ll see signs of male or female and may want to remove or destroy the males. In 100-120 days+, the hemp flowers and biomass will be ready for harvesting.

With that, you are ready to start your own hemp garden! 

Source: https://www.hemphelps.org/how-to-grow-hemp-garden/

Heartland

Clinical evaluation of physician-controlled guidewire manipulation during endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy (with video)

Background and study aims Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided hepaticogastrostomy (HGS) may be most complex because of the EUS-guided biliary drainage procedure and variations in the course of the intrahepatic bile duct compared with the common bile duct (CBD). Appropriate guidewire insertion is essential. Physician-controlled guidewire manipulation (PCGW) might improve technical success rates of bile duct cannulation. The present study aimed to determine the technical feasibility and safety of…

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. 2021 Mar;9(3):E395-E400.

doi: 10.1055/a-1336-3132. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

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Kyohei Nishiguchi et al. Endosc Int Open. 2021 Mar.

Abstract

Background and study aims Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided hepaticogastrostomy (HGS) may be most complex because of the EUS-guided biliary drainage procedure and variations in the course of the intrahepatic bile duct compared with the common bile duct (CBD). Appropriate guidewire insertion is essential. Physician-controlled guidewire manipulation (PCGW) might improve technical success rates of bile duct cannulation. The present study aimed to determine the technical feasibility and safety of PCGW during EUS-HGS. Patients and methods A total of 122 consecutive patients who were scheduled to undergo EUS-HGS between October 2017 and April 2019 were prospectively registered. The primary endpoint was the technical success rate of guidewire insertion into the CBD or hepatic hilum. Guidewire insertion was considered to have failed if the HGS assistant failed to achieve manipulation. Results The intrahepatic bile duct was successfully punctured in 120 of 122 patients. During guidewire insertion by the HGS assistant, guidewire fracture was observed in one patient. The guidewire was successfully inserted into the biliary tract and manipulated by the HGS assistant in 96 patients. PCGW was thus attempted for the remaining 23 patients. The guidewire was inserted by PCGW in all 23 patients, improving the technical success rate for guidewire insertion from 80 % to 100 %. After tract dilation, we deployed covered metal stents and plastic stents in 117 and two patients, respectively. The overall technical success rate for EUS-HGS was 97.5 % (119/122). Adverse events comprising bile peritonitis or leakage developed in five patients. Conclusion PCGW might contribute to improving the success rate of EUS-HGS.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33655039/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20210303125051&v=2.14.2

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Heartland

Cannabis sativa: Interdisciplinary Strategies and Avenues for Medical and Commercial Progression Outside of CBD and THC

Cannabis sativa (Cannabis) is one of the world’s most well-known, yet maligned plant species. However, significant recent research is starting to unveil the potential of Cannabis to produce secondary compounds that may offer a suite of medical benefits, elevating this unique plant species from its illicit narcotic status into a genuine biopharmaceutical. This review summarises the lengthy history of Cannabis and details the molecular pathways that underpin the production of key secondary…

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Review

. 2021 Feb 26;9(3):234.

doi: 10.3390/biomedicines9030234.

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Review

Jackson M J Oultram et al. Biomedicines. .

Abstract

Cannabis sativa (Cannabis) is one of the world’s most well-known, yet maligned plant species. However, significant recent research is starting to unveil the potential of Cannabis to produce secondary compounds that may offer a suite of medical benefits, elevating this unique plant species from its illicit narcotic status into a genuine biopharmaceutical. This review summarises the lengthy history of Cannabis and details the molecular pathways that underpin the production of key secondary metabolites that may confer medical efficacy. We also provide an up-to-date summary of the molecular targets and potential of the relatively unknown minor compounds offered by the Cannabis plant. Furthermore, we detail the recent advances in plant science, as well as synthetic biology, and the pharmacology surrounding Cannabis. Given the relative infancy of Cannabis research, we go on to highlight the parallels to previous research conducted in another medically relevant and versatile plant, Papaver somniferum (opium poppy), as an indicator of the possible future direction of Cannabis plant biology. Overall, this review highlights the future directions of cannabis research outside of the medical biology aspects of its well-characterised constituents and explores additional avenues for the potential improvement of the medical potential of the Cannabis plant.

Keywords: Cannabis sativa (Cannabis); Papaver somniferum (opium poppy); cannabidiol (CBD); cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2); cannabinoids; secondary metabolites; tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

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Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33652704/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20210303125051&v=2.14.2

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Heartland

Propolis in Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Chronic Diseases: A Narrative Review

Propolis is a resinous product collected by bees from plants to protect and maintain the homeostasis of their hives. Propolis has been used therapeutically by humans for centuries. This review article attempts to analyze the potential use of propolis in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated chronic diseases. MetS and its chronic diseases were shown to be involved in at least seven out of the top 10 causes of death in 2019. Patients with MetS are also at a heightened risk of severe…

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Review

. 2021 Feb 26;10(3):348.

doi: 10.3390/antiox10030348.

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Review

Felix Zulhendri et al. Antioxidants (Basel). .

Abstract

Propolis is a resinous product collected by bees from plants to protect and maintain the homeostasis of their hives. Propolis has been used therapeutically by humans for centuries. This review article attempts to analyze the potential use of propolis in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated chronic diseases. MetS and its chronic diseases were shown to be involved in at least seven out of the top 10 causes of death in 2019. Patients with MetS are also at a heightened risk of severe morbidity and mortality in the present COVID-19 pandemic. Propolis with its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties is potentially useful in ameliorating the symptoms of MetS and its associated chronic diseases. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review on propolis and its therapeutic benefit in MetS and its chronic diseases, with an emphasis on in vitro and in vivo studies, as well as human clinical trials. Moreover, the molecular and biochemical mechanisms of action of propolis are also discussed. Propolis inhibits the development and manifestation of MetS and its chronic diseases by inhibiting of the expression and interaction of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their receptors (RAGEs), inhibiting pro-inflammatory signaling cascades, and promoting the cellular antioxidant systems.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; anti-inflammation; antioxidant; cardiovascular; chronic diseases; chronic kidney disease; diabetes mellitus; fatty liver disease; metabolic syndrome; propolis.

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Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33652692/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20210303125051&v=2.14.2

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