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Endoplasmic reticulum retention signaling and transmembrane channel proteins predicted for oilseed ω3 fatty acid desaturase 3 (FAD3) genes

Oilseed crop oils contain a variety of unsaturated fatty acids that are synthesized and regulated by fatty acid desaturases (FADs). In this study, 14 FAD3 (ω3 desaturase) protein sequences from oilseeds are analyzed and presented through the application of several computational tools. The results indicated a close relationship between Brassica napus and Camelina sativa, as well as between Salvia hispanica and Perilla frutescens FAD3s, due to a high similarity in codon preferences in codon usage…

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Oilseed crop oils contain a variety of unsaturated fatty acids that are synthesized and regulated by fatty acid desaturases (FADs). In this study, 14 FAD3 (ω3 desaturase) protein sequences from oilseeds are analyzed and presented through the application of several computational tools. The results indicated a close relationship between Brassica napus and Camelina sativa, as well as between Salvia hispanica and Perilla frutescens FAD3s, due to a high similarity in codon preferences in codon usage clusters and the phylogenetic tree. The cis-acting element results reveal that the seed-specific promoter region of BnFAD3 contains the critical conserved boxes such as HSE and ABRE, which are involved in responsiveness to heat stress and abscisic acid. The presence of the aforementioned conserved boxes may increase cold acclimation as well as tolerance to drought and high salinity. Omega(ω)3 desaturases contain a Skn-1 motif which is a cis-acting regulatory element required involved in endosperm development. In oilseed FAD3s, leucine is the most repeated amino acid in FAD3 proteins. The study conveyed that B. napus, Camelina sativa, Linum usitatissimum, Vernicia fordii, Gossypium hirsutum, S. hispanica, Cannabis sativa, and P. frutescens have retention signal KXKXX/XKXX at their c-terminus sites, which is one of the most important characteristics of FADs. Additionally, it was found that BnFAD3 is a transmembrane protein that can convert ω6 to ω3 fatty acids and may simultaneously act as a potassium ion channel in the ER.

Keywords: Codon usage; Conserved histidine; Delta 15 desaturase; Ion channel; Retention signal.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31781992/?utm_source=no_user_agent&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1lg0RU4SkRVNqPFA7e6OZattw-Uzcw0dBEajJBQqmhHlNZ8MdX&fc=20200804212534&ff=20200812055240&v=2.11.5

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Newbie q: Is Broad Spectrum worth taking over Isolate?

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Does the extra substances in Broad spectrum really have any benefit without any THC?

I read the following but I dont know enough yet to agree or not: “You cannot get an entourage effect without THC. You cannot therefore completely extract the THC and call it anything but an isolate. You most certainly cannot claim it gives “the benefits of a full spectrum” because it literally cannot do so. There is no such thing as “broad spectrum.” It’s a nonsense term that companies selling isolates are using to trick you into buying their weakened products.”

What are the thoughts of people, esp. those who’ve tried broad and isolate?

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/CBD/comments/jkz9ic/newbie_q_is_broad_spectrum_worth_taking_over/

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HOPE™ Products for Autism Launch in Australia After Earlier US Debuts in Pennsylvania and Louisiana

Zelira Therapeutics Ltd (ASX: ZLD, OTCQB: ZLDAF) just announced that its proprietary cannabinoid medicines, HOPE 1™ and HOPE 2™are now available by prescription to patients in Australia. The HOPE™ forumations, developed by Zelira and noted autism advocate Erica Daniels, first launched in 2019 in Pennsylvania and this fall in Louisiana.  “We have had great success […]

The post HOPE™ Products for Autism Launch in Australia After Earlier US Debuts in Pennsylvania and Louisiana appeared first on Green Market Report.

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Zelira Therapeutics Ltd (ASX: ZLD, OTCQB: ZLDAF) just announced that its proprietary cannabinoid medicines, HOPE 1 and HOPE 2are now available by prescription to patients in Australia. The HOPE™ forumations, developed by Zelira and noted autism advocate Erica Daniels, first launched in 2019 in Pennsylvania and this fall in Louisiana. 

“We have had great success with HOPE™ in the US and are thrilled to be able to offer it to patients as a treatment option through the Therapeutic Goods Administration’s (TGA) Special Access Scheme,” says Osagie Imosogie, Chairman of Zelira Therapuetics. “Zelira is proud of this latest achievement in our mission to bring cannabinoid medicine to patients around the world.”

The HOPE cannabinoid medicines were developed to support the needs of patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) by Daniels and Zelira Therapeutics, which then licensed the proprietary formulas to Ilera Healthcare in Pennsylvania and Ilera Holistic Healthcare in Louisiana. HOPE has since established itself as one of the top selling formulated medicinal cannabis products in Ilera Healthcare’s portfolio. 

“Autism families are finally beginning to have access to a truly better alternative than the harsh pharmaceuticals of the past and I am so proud that HOPE is now available in Australia,” says Erica Daniels, founder of Hope Grows for Autism and co-creator of the HOPE forumalations. “What started off as a labor of love to find a way to treat my own son is now helping parents around the world.” 

HOPE is part of Zelira’s family of revenue generating medicinal cannabis formulations. The products consist of two pharmaceutical-grade proprietary formulations developed as pharmaceutical-grade products targeting Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as a disease indication. 

“Following the success of the HOPE™ launches in Pennsylvania and Louisiana, we are excited to make these products available to patients and physicians in Australia,” says Dr. Richard Hopkins, Zelira’s global Managing Director. “This represents another key milestone in our commitment to bring the benefits of HOPE to patients in global markets.”


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Source: https://www.greenmarketreport.com/hope-products-for-autism-launch-in-australia-after-earlier-us-debuts-in-pennsylvania-and-louisiana/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=hope-products-for-autism-launch-in-australia-after-earlier-us-debuts-in-pennsylvania-and-louisiana

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How long till I have a “normal” THC high again after vaping CBD?

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This week I started vaping CBD to try and cut back on my weed consumption during the week as it was starting to interfere with my college classes. The results have blown me out of the water so far, but I’ve also noticed how dampened my THC highs have become. I’m fine with it during the week as I don’t feel awful waking up after a late night sesh and can get my stuff done, but over the weekend I like to indulge a little more since I’ve cut back so much during the week. About how long does it typically take after pausing CBD consumption (I last vaped around 6 pm yesterday) to feel a full, normal high? I do appreciate the calm nature of the highs when you’re loaded up with CBD but it’s just not as satisfying for me in my free time. Any help appreciated 🙂

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/CBD/comments/jky9co/how_long_till_i_have_a_normal_thc_high_again/

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