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Determination of cannabinoid and synthetic cannabinoid metabolites in wastewater by liquid-liquid extraction and ultra-high performance supercritical fluid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

For the first time, ultra-high performance supercritical fluid chromatography (UHPSFC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry has been used to determine cannabinoid and synthetic cannabinoid residues in wastewater. Combined with a downscaled version of the classic liquid-liquid extraction, the proposed method allows for the quantification of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, three of its major metabolites (the monohydroxylated, the dehydroxylated, and the carboxylated species) and four synthetic cannabinoid…

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For the first time, ultra-high performance supercritical fluid chromatography (UHPSFC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry has been used to determine cannabinoid and synthetic cannabinoid residues in wastewater. Combined with a downscaled version of the classic liquid-liquid extraction, the proposed method allows for the quantification of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, three of its major metabolites (the monohydroxylated, the dehydroxylated, and the carboxylated species) and four synthetic cannabinoid metabolites (from the JWH-series) at low ng L-1 levels. Limits of quantification are in the 1-59 ng L-1 range, with recovery between 62 and 122% in ultrapure water and between 59 and 138% in wastewater. The applicability of the developed methodology was confirmed by the analysis of real wastewater, where cannabis metabolites could be positively quantified in all the samples analyzed. It is, therefore, a fast and simple alternative to common solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry procedures for the determination of these low polar substances in water. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords: cannabis; liquid-liquid extraction; sewage analysis; supercritical fluid based chromatography; synthetic cannabinoids.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28371432/?utm_source=no_user_agent&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1854v2hhZntXmjLwJ2c8ICqk5dHszkjKaegUwgxvTg53irEIHf&fc=20200804212743&ff=20200824143226&v=2.11.5

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