The recent interest in CBD and the positive effects it may produce has led to more research in the field to determine just what CBD may do to help with some well-known maladies. Further, due to the recent COVID19 pandemic, the demand for CBD products is at an all time high. Anxiety disorders, fear, and depression are some of the problems that many people face that they seek help. Could CBD help with these common problems? Let’s find out.
We took a look at some significant case studies regarding CBD and whether it might help manage fear in select patients for whom other treatments failed. Here are the results of these case studies. Each of the case studies referenced here addresses a different type of anxiety or phobia-induced disorder that has been shown to improve with the regular use of CBD.
However, it is important to remember that, like with any medication or supplemental health treatment, results will vary based upon the individual and other factors related to their individual health.
Case Study on Fear Management
Over 25 million people in the US experience PTSD and other problems that keep them from living a normal life and enjoying their lives. A group of researchers at the University of Parana, the University of Sao Paulo, and the Federal University of Santa Catarina conducted a study to find out if CBD could help with this.
In the study, 277 rats were given a small dose of CBD immediately after receiving an electrical shock. The results were encouraging. The rats that were treated with immediate treatment of CBD after the fear experience showed a much-improved reaction to fear-producing elements shortly after that. These results were encouraging because it showed a clear correlation between the CBD and the decreased fear-inducing experience.
This is a breakthrough if this same type of reaction could be experienced by humans, who are considered to be similar in their fear reactions to rats. In the final analysis, CBD was found to disrupt the generalization of memories of fear when it was administered immediately after the fear-producing experience. In this particular study, it is interesting to note that the timing was important. When CBD was introduced shortly after the fear-producing experience, the fear was reduced in future events. Delaying the administration of the CBD did not seem to produce the same effect on the subjects studied.
However, this does not mean that CBD cannot help promote a general feeling of relaxation among users. It just means that, when given immediately after a fear-producing experience, CBD has an apparent calming effect that can reduce fear based on an association of the calming effect and the incident when CBD is introduced.
Public-Speaking Anxiety Case Study
In another study conducted by a research group on CBD effects, they decided to study Glossophobia, a fear of public speaking, that is quite common among people who engage in this activity. Even well-known public figures say that they feel a sense of foreboding or anxiety before giving a speech. A double-blind study was done that involved 60 people (both male and females) between the ages of 18 and 35.
The subjects were put into five different groups who received either a placebo or a dosed CBD in units of 100, 300, or 900 mg. Additionally, some of the subjects were given a known panic disorder drug, Clonazepam, to see if it was more or less effective than CBD.
For the experiment, each participant was told to give a speech in front of the others after they filled out a form about anxiety. Additionally, they had to have their blood pressure and heart rates taken as a baseline to see which element would be the most helpful.
The results of this study were interesting. As expected, the prescription drug, Clonazepam was the winner because it consistently reduced public speaking anxiety more than the placebos or CBD. However, CBD at a dosage of 300 mg, significantly reduced anxiety in public speaking for the subjects.
One of the scientists, Antonio Zuardi, who led the study, reported that CBD did produce a positive response when given in higher amounts. He added that “These findings illustrate the importance of dosage amounts when considering the positive therapeutic effects of CBD.”
Looking at this one study is informative, but the more impactful application is the idea that CBD may do more than just manage public speaking anxiety. It may be an excellent alternative medicine treatment for neuroses such as generalized anxiety disorder or panic disorder.
Panic Disorder Case Study
In a separate study regarding panic attack and panic disorder, a condition that creates a sense of “fight or flight” and increases heart rate, blood pressure, and fear in subjects, Soares and Campos conducted a study to discover the potential therapeutic effects of CBD for these people.
In this study, the above authors analyzed information from previous studies on both humans and animals to determine the positive effects of cannabinoids and CBD. They addressed the issue of anxiety in public speaking as well as a variety of contexts that involved stimulation in the brain in potentially frightening situations. Their research seemed to point to the idea that CBD was a promising treatment for panic disorders.
It is estimated that 355 million people suffer from panic attacks and panic disorder. Can you imagine the impact it would make on people’s lives if CBD can help them to calm down their panic attacks or at least make them less severe?
This study, like many others that are currently being done on CBD and its effects on panic, anxiety, depression, and many other neuroses and even psychoses, is perhaps just the beginning of the discoveries that will be revealed in time.
While the research on CBD and its actual effects is still unclear and inconclusive, the recent studies that have been done on this interesting substance have sparked a growing interest in the potential for people who suffer from all types of anxiety disorders and other physical and mental illnesses.
How CBD Works in the Body
Remember that CBD works by simply releasing the homeostasis (balance) of the body by communicating with the natural ECS receptors that already exist all over the body. Because there are so many of these receptors, this may explain why CBD seems to help so many health issues, including those related to anxiety and brain disorders.
Discover the potential value of CBD yourself by looking into further information on your own. Now that it is legal in almost every state, there are fewer restrictions on its use than has been true in the past.
If you are new to CBD, we recommend reading our article, Finding the Best CBD Oil and Brand for Your Overall Health, for some helpful tips in finding the best CBD product for you.
It is important to note that the research is still relatively new regarding CBD and its effects on panic disorder and other anxieties in humans. Like with any supplement, consult with your doctor is you take any medications that might cause the CBD to interfere with their effect and to determine how much is a safe level for you.
Further Reading: CBD for Stress and Anxiety
Fire & Flower Boosts Toronto Retail Cannabis Presence with Acquisition
Fire & Flower Enters into Agreement to Acquire College Street Cannabis Store TORONTO, Nov. 30, 2020 /CNW/ – Fire & Flower Holdings Corp. (TSX: FAF) (OTCQX: FFLWF) and its wholly-owned subsidiary Fire & Flower Inc. (collectively, “FFHC”, “Fire & Flower” or the “Company”), a leading Canadian recreational cannabis retailer, is pleased to announce that it […]
Fire & Flower Enters into Agreement to Acquire College Street Cannabis Store
TORONTO, Nov. 30, 2020 /CNW/ – Fire & Flower Holdings Corp. (TSX: FAF) (OTCQX: FFLWF) and its wholly-owned subsidiary Fire & Flower Inc. (collectively, “FFHC”, “Fire & Flower” or the “Company”), a leading Canadian recreational cannabis retailer, is pleased to announce that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of Quad Nine Investments Inc., which owns and operates a licensed cannabis retail store at 717 College Street, Toronto, Ontario currently operating as “Blaze Cannabis”, the (“Acquisition”).
Completion of the acquisition will add Fire & Flower’s eighth fully owned, open and operating location in the province of Ontario. The Company continues to focus on the opening of additional cannabis retail stores in the province that have already completed construction.
This proposed acquisition will represent Fire & Flower’s continued strategy to further grow our omni-channel, technology-enabled retail network in the province of Ontario and across the country, both through acquisition plus organic growth.
Trevor Fencott, Chief Executive Officer of Fire & Flower
This additional store expands our operating base and brings us closer to our goal of positive operating EBITDA.
The acquisition includes a current Retail Operator License and Retail Store Authorization from the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (the “AGCO”), which has issued a no-objection letter in respect of the Acquisition.
The total purchase price in connection with the Acquisition is $900,000 plus the net working capital of the business (including inventory) at the date of closing in cash plus 124,069 common shares of FFHC.
The Acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including the receipt of a no-objection letter from the AGCO and approval from the Toronto Stock Exchange, each of which has already been received.
More information on the grand opening dates and times of the store, once transitioned to the Fire & Flower brand, will be announced on the Company’s website at http://fireandflower.com/.
About Fire & Flower
Fire & Flower is a leading purpose-built, independent adult-use cannabis retailer poised to capture significant Canadian market share. The Company guides consumers through the complex world of cannabis through education-focused, best-in-class retailing while the HifyreTM digital platform and SparkTM program connect cannabis consumers with the latest cannabis products and deliver cutting edge insights into evolving consumer behaviours. The Company’s leadership team combines extensive experience in the cannabis industry with strong capabilities in retail operations.
Fire & Flower Holdings Corp. owns all issued and outstanding shares in Fire & Flower Inc., a licensed cannabis retailer that owns cannabis retail store licences in the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario and the Yukon territory.
Through its strategic investment with Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc., the Company has set its sights on the global expansion as new cannabis markets emerge.
More information on Fire & Flower can be found at www.fireandflower.com.
Organigram Fiscal Q4 Revenue Increases 13% Sequentially to $20.4 Million
Organigram Reports Fourth Quarter 2020 Results Q4 2020 net revenue increased 25% to $20.4 million from $16.3 million in Q4 2019 Q4 2020 gross revenue increased 32% to $25.4 million from $19.2 million in Q4 2019 Launched 40 new stock keeping units (“SKUs”) since July 2020, including new high THC strains, and further value segment […]
Organigram Reports Fourth Quarter 2020 Results
- Q4 2020 net revenue increased 25% to $20.4 million from $16.3 million in Q4 2019
- Q4 2020 gross revenue increased 32% to $25.4 million from $19.2 million in Q4 2019
- Launched 40 new stock keeping units (“SKUs”) since July 2020, including new high THC strains, and further value segment offerings and expect to launch up to 18 more new SKUs in Q2 2021 as part of the Company’s product portfolio revitalization
- Subsequent to quarter-end, invested an additional $2.5 million in Hyasynth Biologicals Inc. as the biotech partner completed a milestone linked to the first commercial sale of cannabinoids produced via biosynthesis
- Subsequent to quarter-end, raised ~$69 million in gross proceeds from an underwritten public offering including the exercise in full of the over-allotment option
MONCTON, New Brunswick, November 30, 2020–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Organigram Holdings Inc. (NASDAQ: OGI) (TSX: OGI), the parent company of Organigram Inc. (together, the “Company” or “Organigram”), a leading licensed producer of cannabis, announced its results for the fourth quarter ended August 31, 2020 (“Q4” or “Q4 2020”).
¹Adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin % and adjusted EBITDA are non-IFRS financial measures not defined by and do not have any standardized meaning under IFRS; please refer to the Company’s Q4 2020 MD&A for definitions and a reconciliation to IFRS.
²Sales and marketing and general and administrative expenses (“SG&A”) excluding share-based compensation
³Q4 2020 net cash used in operating activities has been calculated based on a correction of a presentation error of Q1 to Q3 Fiscal 2020 net cash used in operating activities.
“We are excited about Organigram’s prospects as we continue to reinvigorate and diversify our product portfolio with new offerings aimed at delivering the attributes that matter most to consumers,” said Greg Engel, CEO.
Overall, we are very encouraged by the initial responses to our new products and the increased awareness and traction they are receiving against a backdrop of national retail store growth and a growing legal market that continues to displace the illicit market.
Greg Engel, CEO
Our team is more focused than ever on enhancing our agility and execution to capture top-line growth and we believe we have the capital resources and liquidity to support us. We have always operated with financial discipline to pursue profitable growth which is again reflected in positive adjusted EBITDA in full-year fiscal 2020 for the second year in a row.
Key Financial Results for the Fourth Quarter Fiscal 2020
- Net revenue:
- Q4 2020 net revenue of $20.4 million compared to $16.3 million in Q4 2019 primarily due to:
- Higher flower sales on higher volumes due to the large format, value segment growing and the Company having a number of offerings in this segment
- Adult-use recreational derivative and edible (“Rec 2.0”) product sales that were not yet legal in Q4 2019 and a significant increase in international sales largely due to the supply agreement with Canndoc Ltd., leading Israeli medical cannabis producer, that did not exist in Q4 2019; and
- A lower sales provision for returns and price adjustments in Q4 2020 compared to Q4 2019.
- Q4 2020 net revenue of $20.4 million compared to $16.3 million in Q4 2019 primarily due to:
- Gross revenue:
- Q4 2020 gross revenue of $25.4 million compared to $19.2 million in Q4 2019 primarily due to similar factors impacting net revenue described above.
- Q4 2020 gross revenue increased 32% from the prior year period compared to the 25% increase in net revenue reflecting more shipments and the increase in excise taxes as a percentage of gross revenue in Q4 2020.
- Cost of sales:
- Q4 2020 cost of sales of $29.0 million compared to Q4 2019 cost of sales of $15.5 million.
- Higher cost of sales in Q4 2020 was primarily due to:
- Increased sales volumes in Q4 2020;
- Q4 2020 write-offs of excess and unsaleable inventories of $11.1 million, of which $8.3 million related to excess trim and concentrate; and $2.8 million of write-downs and adjustments to net realizable value and
- $3.5 million in unabsorbed fixed overhead as a result of lower production volumes, and $0.2 million related to lump-sum payments paid to temporarily laid-off workers in Q4 2020.
- Gross margin before fair value changes to biological assets and inventories sold:
- Q4 2020 negative gross margin before fair value changes to biological assets and inventories sold of $8.6 million compared to positive $0.7 million in Q4 2019.
- Negative and lower gross margin in Q4 2020 was largely due to higher cost of sales as described above.
- Adjusted gross margin1:
- Q4 2020 adjusted gross margin increased to $6.2 million from $1.5 million in Q4 2019 primarily due to a lower sales provision for returns and price adjustments in Q4 2020 compared to Q4 2019 as discussed above.
- Gross margin:
- Q4 2020 negative gross margin of $28.8 million compared to Q4 2019 negative gross margin of $11.1 million, largely due to negative Q4 2020 gross margin before fair value changes to biological assets and inventories sold as described above as well as greater net non-cash negative fair value changes to biological assets and inventories sold of $20.1 million in Q4 2020 versus $11.8 million in Q4 2019.
- Selling, general & administrative (SG&A) expenses:
- Q4 2020 SG&A of $10.8 million decreased 22% from Q4 2019’s amount of $13.9 million and Q4 2020 SG&A as a percentage of net revenue was 53% compared to 85% in Q4 2019.
- Q4 2019 SG&A included approximately $2.0M of licensing and professional fees that were not expected to recur at the same level and Q4 2020 SG&A reflected the Company’s reduced spending during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
- Q4 2020 SG&A was largely in line with Q3 2020 SG&A of 10.3 million and declined from Q3 SG&A as a percentage of net revenue of 57%.
- Adjusted EBITDA1:
- Q4 2020 negative adjusted EBITDA of $2.7 million improved from Q4 2019 negative adjusted EBITDA of $7.2 million primarily due to higher adjusted gross margin in Q4 2020 as discussed above.
- Net Loss:
- Q4 2020 net loss of $38.6 million, or ($0.199) per share on a diluted basis, compared to Q4 2019 net loss of $22.5 million, or $(0.144) per share, largely due to greater negative gross margin in Q4 2020 as described above.
- Net cash used in operating activities:
- Q4 2020 net cash used in operating activities of $10.1 million decreased from $15.7 million used in Q4 2019 largely due to the prior period’s increase to working capital assets as the Company scaled operations ahead of Rec 2.0 legalization.
Canadian Adult-Use Recreational Market
The Company has been revitalizing its product portfolio with the launch of 40 new SKUs since July 2020 since July 2020, including new high THC strains and additional value segment offerings. Further, the Company expects to launch up to 18 new SKUs in Q2 2021.
Value Segment Offerings
- Dried flower remains the largest category in the Canadian adult-use recreational market of all product form factors and the Company believes this category will continue to dominate for the foreseeable future based on the sales history in mature adult use recreational legal markets in the U.S. (California, Colorado, etc.).
- The Company has noted the significant growth in the dried flower value category of the market with intensifying competition including recent entries of lower priced offerings which have caused significant market share shifts within dried flower to the value segment. In response, the Company launched “Buds”2 in Q3 2020 along with a number of other dried flower offerings in larger format sizes of 7g and 15g under the Trailblazer value brand in early Q4 2020. The Company believes Buds is a differentiated single-strain value product and it has been well-received by consumers since it is at an affordable price point but does not have to compete on price alone since it is indoor-grown, whole dried flower and strain specific.
- Further, the Company’s value segment strategy also includes dried flower offerings that were launched in larger format sizes of 7g and 15g under our Trailblazer brand in July 2020.
- Subsequent to quarter-end in mid-September 2020, Organigram expanded its strong value portfolio with the launch of SHRED, a high quality, high potency and affordable dried flower blend that is pre-shredded for consumer convenience. SHRED offers three pre-milled varieties, all with THC of 18% or higher. It is made from whole flower, does not contain any shake or trim and is milled to the same specifications as the Company’s existing pre-roll products. SHRED is currently Organigram’s most affordable dried flower option (on a per gram basis).
New High THC Strains
- Cannabis consumers continue to gravitate towards both high THC dried flower products and cultivar diversity and novelty as supported by available sales data. In early August 2020, the Company announced the launch of three new strains of Edison Cannabis Co. (“Edison”) dried flower products, with higher THC: The General (Grapefruit GG4), Chemdog and limited time offering, Samurai Spy (Ninja Fruit). Going forward, the Company has decided to change naming conventions for many of its offerings to align with the street genetic names for dried flower products as it believes these names will better resonate with consumers.
- At the end of July 2020, the Company announced the launch of Trailblazer Snax, a value-priced, cannabis-infused chocolate bar which is made with premium quality ingredients including cocoa butter, all-natural flavors and distillate, while remaining an affordable cannabis-infused option. It is available in either mint or mocha flavours in a 42g bar with 10mg of THC. Each bar can be broken into five sections and is suited for both micro-dosing and full consumption.
- Organigram’s investment in state-of-the art chocolate equipment and manufacturing processes means that each of the five sections of the Trailblazer Snax bar are filled separately, allowing for higher accuracy of infusion. The Company’s chocolate portfolio also consists of Edison Bytes truffles which are available in both milk and dark chocolate formulations. These products are available as single chocolates containing 10 mg of THC each or sets of two truffles containing 5 mg each.
- In addition to a seasonal offering of Trailblazer Kushmas Stix, the Company is also offering Canadian cannabis consumers delicately spiced gingerbread flavours mingled with Edison Bytes’ signature rich milk chocolate. These limited time offerings are available in a two-per-pack format, with each truffle containing 5 mg THC for a total of 10 mg total in the box.
- The Company expects to launch Trailblazer Spark, Flicker and Glow 510-thread Torch vape cartridges in a new 1g format before the end of Q2 Fiscal 2021 which will extend Organigram’s line up to a suite of trial-size 0.5 g and full-size 1 g cartridges for the 510 vaporizer. Trailblazer Torch offers customers 510 cartridges, high-quality CO2 extract and three unique terpene-infused flavours.
- In addition to the Trailblazer Torch value-segment offerings, the Company’s vape portfolio also includes products for the mainstream and the premium segments: Edison + Feather ready-to-go distillate pens and Edison + PAX ERA® distillate cartridges.
Powdered Beverage Launch
- Subsequent to quarter-end in November 2020, Organigram launched Edison RE:MIX dissolvable cannabis powder. The pre-packaged powder format makes it easy to mix Edison RE:MIX into beverages quickly and discreetly, so the product can be enjoyed, based on the consumer’s own preference, in a wide variety of settings and on occasions of their choosing.
- Edison RE:MIX is available in three formats: two sachets with 5 mg THC per sachet; two sachets with 5:5 mg THC:CBD per sachet; and five sachets with 10 mg CBD per sachet.
- The results of a recent Organigram survey suggest a significant majority of current cannabis consumers (74%) would prefer to add cannabinoids to their beverages by themselves (vs. a pre-mixed beverage). The discreet nature of the product also addresses consumer concerns related to open cannabis consumption.
- According to recent sales data in Colorado, cannabinoid-infused powders have rapidly risen to the top of the beverage category in popularity, representing 55% of the state’s beverage market sales. In fact, 46% of cannabis consumers reported enjoying cannabinoid-infused beverages multiple times a day (Headset – Colorado Market Insights – July 2020). In Canada, estimates suggest the recreational cannabis beverage market represents a $467M category opportunity and it is expected to increase by 15x its current market size over the next five years (Brightfield Group – Canadian Market Size Insights – July 2020).
- As previously announced, Organigram’s researchers have developed a proprietary nano-emulsification technology that generates nano-droplets which are very small and uniform; this provides improved absorption compared to traditional edibles and beverages, potentially allowing for a more reliable and controlled experience.
- With traditional edibles, beverages, and ingestible oil-based extracts, the body spends significant time breaking down fat soluble cannabinoid particles which are then absorbed and metabolized in the body before the effects are felt.
- The nanoemulsion technology is also anticipated to have increased stability to temperature variations, mechanical disturbance, salinity, pH, and sweeteners. The powdered formulation holds the potential to offer consumers a measured dose of cannabinoids which they can then add to liquid, such as a beverage of their choice, while also offering the discretion, portability and shelf life expected of a dried powder formulation.
Phase 4 Expansion
- As previously disclosed with Q3 2020 results, the Company decided to indefinitely defer final completion of Phase 4C for additional cultivation capacity (the final stage in Phase 4 cultivation expansion) as originally designed due to excess cultivation capacity versus the current demand in Canada.
- During the quarter, Phase 4C was substantially completed such that it can be occupied, and the Company retains the option to potentially use the space for other opportunities (if and when strategic and/or market factors dictate).
Phase 5 Refurbishment
- Phase 5, while already housing additional post-harvesting rooms (including drying rooms) and a dedicated derivatives and edibles facility, is expected to add additional functionality with expanded extraction capacity at the Moncton Campus.
- Phase 5 was substantially complete at year end. The Company is continuing to work on the installation and commissioning of certain equipment in its edibles and extraction area including its hydrocarbon extraction equipment.
- Organigram remains positive on the cannabis market both in Canada and abroad. The most recent data available from Statistics Canada shows that Canadian adult use market sales (which represent the majority of legal cannabis sales in the country) tallied $256 million3 for just the month of September 2020. This represents an annualized run rate of approximately $3.1 billion, which is a record since adult use was legalized in October 2018. Month-over-month sequential growth rate was 5.2% and year-over-year growth for September was 108.5%.
- The Company believes there are a few factors that are providing tailwinds to further industry growth. First the legalization in October of 2019 of Rec 2.0 products has attracted consumers who were not interested in smoking or vaping. New categories such as vape pens, edibles (soft chews, chocolates), beverages to name a few have significantly expanded the addressable market. Second, the number of brick and mortar retail stores has increased significantly particularly in the back half of calendar 2020. Third, the industry as a whole has made a concerted effort to match or beat illicit market pricing which has helped accelerate the conversion of consumers from illicit to legal consumption.
- Notwithstanding the above, the cannabis industry in Canada remains highly competitive and generally oversupplied versus the current market demand considering both regulated licensed producers and the still unfettered illicit market. In early July 2020, the Company announced it had reduced its workforce by 25% in an order to better align its production capacity to prevailing market conditions. After two years of adult-use recreational legalization in Canada, consumer trends and preferences continued to solidify, including significant growth in the large format value segment, a desire for higher THC potency particularly in dried flower as well as a penchant for newness including new genetic strains and novel products. Organigram began a product portfolio revitalization earlier this year in an effort to address what it believed to be some of the biggest trends in order to grow sales and capture market share.
- At the same time, the number of retail stores in Canada began to grow meaningfully for the first time since legalization and in September 2020, Ontario’s cannabis retail regulator began doubling the number of licenses from 10 to 20 per month and is now on pace to add up to 40 stores per month, resulting in accelerated growth for Canada’s largest adult-use cannabis market. Since July 2020, the number of retail stores in Canada’s 10 provinces grew one-third and increased approximately 140% in Ontario alone.
- With a leaner workforce, the Company experienced some reductions in production, cultivation, processing and packaging capacity. At certain times, this contributed to delays in the product launches for its portfolio revamp and hindered consistent order fulfillment, particularly for high velocity items. The Company believes this resulted in some meaningful missed revenue opportunities in Q4 Fiscal 2020 and in Q1 Fiscal 2021. With substantial retail store growth in play, the Company is evaluating its processes and supply chain, including the benefit of gradually scaling up staffing, to help ensure improved order fulfillment rates and in turn, potentially realize greater sales opportunities. Further, as many of the Company’s product launches are recent and some are still to come, the Company believes it will still take time for the new products to reach their full potential and gain market share to drive meaningful sales growth.
- Organigram also continues to make investments in new genetics and improved cultivation processes to increase THC potency and introduce new strains into the highly important dried flower and pre-roll categories. As discussed in the “Phase 4 Expansion” section of this press release, the Company intends to cultivate at less than its full cultivation capacity for the foreseeable future partly to help increase THC potency in its plant, which is anticipated to result in a negative non-cash adjustment to cost of sales for unabsorbed fixed overhead costs.
- In addition to Rec 1.0, the Company plans to continue to expand on Rec 2.0, which it believes will increasingly become a larger relative category in line with mature U.S. legal markets. As indicated in previous quarters, the Company expects some production inefficiencies to persist in the near term and impact gross margin while it continues to launch new Rec 2.0 products and optimize production. Outside of Canada, the Company continues to serve international markets (Israel and Australia) from Canada via export permits and looks to augment sales channels internationally over time. International sales increased significantly in Q4 Fiscal 2020 from the prior year period as Organigram shipped its first product to Canndoc Ltd. in August 2020 under its supply agreement with the Israeli cannabis medical producer. In early Q1 Fiscal 2021, the Israeli Ministry of Health Israel amended its quality standards for imported medical cannabis. The Company has identified a pathway for demonstrating compliance with these updated standards and has initiated a process which, if completed successfully, will allow it to continue to supply product into the Israeli market.
- Recent political changes and cannabis election ballot initiatives for both medical and recreational use in the United States suggest that the potential move to U.S. federal legalization of cannabis (THC) has increased momentum but the timing remains difficult to predict. As the Company continues to monitor and develop a potential U.S. THC strategy, it continues to evaluate CBD entry opportunities in the United States.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
- Organigram ended the quarter with $74.7 million in cash and short-term investments compared to $47.9 million at August 31, 2019, an increase of $26.8 million which is a result of the two at-the-market (ATM) equity offerings and draws against the Company’s term loan facility, offset by investments in working capital and property, plant and equipment. During the quarter, the Company drew an additional $30 million under the term loan such that no available capacity remained at quarter-end.
- On November 12, 2020, the Company closed an underwritten public offering (the “Offering”) of 37,375,000 units (the “Units”) at a price of $1.85 per Unit, including the full exercise of the over-allotment option. Each Unit is comprised of one common share of the Company and one-half of one common share purchase warrant of the Company (each full common share purchase warrant, a “Warrant”). Each Warrant will be exercisable to acquire one common share of the Company (a “Warrant Share”) for a period of three years following the closing date of the Offering at an exercise price of $2.50 per Warrant Share, subject to adjustment in certain events. The Company expects to use the net proceeds from the offering working capital and other general corporate purposes and to pay down its term loan balance as described below.
- On November 27, 2020, the Company amended its Facilities pursuant to an amended and restated credit agreement (“Amended and Restated Credit Agreement”) with BMO and the syndicate of lenders to: (i) reduce the Term Loan amount from $115 million to $60 million based on a repayment of $55 million to be made on December 1, 2020 of the outstanding Term Loan balance of $115 million; (ii) have repayments on the balance of the Term Loan commence on February 28, 2021 in an amount equal to $1.5 million per quarter; (iii) reduce the Revolver commitment to $2 million from up to $25 million; (iv) adjust the minimum quarterly EBITDA covenants to be maintained by the Company commencing on February 28, 2021 and continuing through to maturity, thereby removing this covenant for the fiscal period ended November 30, 2020 and eliminating the reversion of the financial covenants to that of the original structure on November 30, 2021; (v) modify the applicable margin pricing and standby fee terms to reflect current market conditions; and (vi) reduce the minimum unrestricted cash balance requirement to $20 million, which is already inclusive of the $8 million restricted investment currently outstanding. The interest rate margin will be fixed from November 27, 2020 through to maturity on May 31, 2021.
- As at November 29, 2020, excluding the $8.0 million of restricted investment (GIC), the Company had $135 million in cash and short-term investments. After completing the $55 million term loan repayment on December 1, 2020, on a pro forma basis the Company would have $80 million in cash and short-term investments and $60 million in long-term debt.
Outstanding basic and fully diluted share count as at November 24, 2020 is as follows:
Fourth Quarter and Full Year Fiscal 2020 Conference Call
The Company will host a conference call to discuss its results with details as follows:
Date: November 30, 2020
Time: 8:00am Eastern Time
To register for the conference call, please use this link:
To ensure you are connected for the full call, we suggest registering a day in advance or at minimum 10 minutes before the start of the call. After registering, a confirmation will be sent through email, including dial in details and unique conference call codes for entry. Registration is open through the live call.
To access the webcast: https://event.on24.com/wcc/r/2625442/2C164D33CA068A822C82053411FBA767
A replay of the webcast will be available within 24 hours after the conclusion of the call at https://www.organigram.ca/investors and will be archived for a period of 90 days following the call.
Non-IFRS Financial Measures
This news release refers to certain financial performance measures (including, target production capacity, and adjusted EBITDA) that are not defined by and do not have a standardized meaning under International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. These non-IFRS financial performance measures are defined below. Non-IFRS financial measures are used by management to assess the financial and operational performance of the Company. The Company believes that these non-IFRS financial measures, in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, enable investors to evaluate the Company’s operating results, underlying performance and prospects in a similar manner to the Company’s management. As there are no standardized methods of calculating these non-IFRS measures, the Company’s approaches may differ from those used by others, and accordingly, the use of these measures may not be directly comparable. Accordingly, these non-IFRS measures are intended to provide additional information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS. Please refer to the Company’s Q3 2020 MD&A for definitions and, in the case of adjusted EBITDA, a reconciliation to IFRS amounts.
About Organigram Holdings Inc.
Organigram Holdings Inc. is a NASDAQ Global Select Market and a Toronto Stock Exchange listed company whose wholly owned subsidiary, Organigram Inc., is a licensed producer of cannabis and cannabis-derived products in Canada.
Organigram is focused on producing high-quality, indoor-grown cannabis for patients and adult recreational consumers in Canada, as well as developing international business partnerships to extend the Company’s global footprint. Organigram has also developed a portfolio of adult use recreational cannabis brands including The Edison Cannabis Company, SHRED and Trailblazer. Organigram’s primary facility is located in Moncton, New Brunswick and the Company is regulated by Health Canada under the Cannabis Act (Canada) and the Cannabis Regulations (Canada).
1 Adjusted gross margin, adjusted gross margin % and adjusted EBITDA are non-IFRS financial measures not defined by and do not have any standardized meaning under IFRS; please refer to the Company’s Q4 2020 MD&A for definitions and a reconciliation to IFRS.
2 In Q3 Fiscal 2020, the Company launched its first value offering of dried flower in a large size format of 28g under Trailer Park Buds (TPB) brand. In early Q4 Fiscal 2020, the Company announced it is making changes to the TPB brand and logo but in the immediate terms has moved to a modified version of TPB, “Buds”.
3 Statistics Canada, Cannabis Stats Hub, Accessed: November 26, 2020, (https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/13-610-x/cannabis-eng.htm)
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Genetic Architecture of Flowering Time and Sex Determination in Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.): A Genome-Wide Association Study
Flowering time and sex determination in hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) strongly influence fiber quality and seed production of this crop. The control of these traits is paramount for the breeding of new cultivars. Yet, little is known about the genetics underlying such complex traits and a better understanding requires in depth knowledge of the molecular mechanisms responsible for these traits. In this report, the genetic architecture of flowering time and sex determination in hemp was studied using…
Flowering time and sex determination in hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) strongly influence fiber quality and seed production of this crop. The control of these traits is paramount for the breeding of new cultivars. Yet, little is known about the genetics underlying such complex traits and a better understanding requires in depth knowledge of the molecular mechanisms responsible for these traits. In this report, the genetic architecture of flowering time and sex determination in hemp was studied using a Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) approach. Association studies were performed on a panel of 123 hemp accessions, tested in three contrasting environments, using a set of 600 K SNP markers. Altogether, eight QTLs were identified across environments; six for flowering time traits and two for sex determination. These QTLs covered genomic regions with 33 transcripts predicted to be involved in flowering and sex determination as well as a microRNA, miR156. Genes related to perception and transduction of light and transcription factors well-known to regulate flowering were identified in QTLs for flowering time traits. Transcription factors and genes involved in regulating the balance of phytohormones, specially auxins and gibberellic acid, were identified in QTLs for sex determination. Sex determination QTLs were associated with the development of male flowers in female plants and thus with the stability of sex determination in monecious plants. The present study elucidates relevant knowledge on the genetic mechanisms of flowering and sex determination traits in hemp, and provides new tools for hemp breeding.
Keywords: Cannabis sativa; GWAS; QTL; flowering time; hemp; plant breeding; sex determination.
Copyright © 2020 Petit, Salentijn, Paulo, Denneboom and Trindade.
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