Connect with us


CBD for Fibromyalgia: Can CBD Really Help?

According to the CDC, roughly 4 million US adults are affected by fibromyalgia. Although researchers don’t fully understand the cause of fibromyalgia, there are means of treatment available. The unknowns of this condition have left many people asking the question: can CBD help with fibromyalgia? This question should come as no surprise considering that research… View Article

The post CBD for Fibromyalgia: Can CBD Really Help? appeared first on The CBD Insider.

Republished by Plato



cbd for fibromyalgia

According to the CDC, roughly 4 million US adults are affected by fibromyalgia. Although researchers don’t fully understand the cause of fibromyalgia, there are means of treatment available. The unknowns of this condition have left many people asking the question: can CBD help with fibromyalgia?

This question should come as no surprise considering that research indicates CBD may alleviate the most common fibromyalgia symptoms, which the CDC reports as:

  • Pain and stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep problems
  • Cognitive issues
  • Headaches/migraines

If you’re remotely familiar with CBD, you likely recognize an overlap between its potential benefits and these common fibromyalgia symptoms.

CBD for Fibromyalgia: Table of Contents

  1. A Look into the Research of CBD for Fibromyalgia
  2. Other Potential Benefits of CBD
  3. What is CBD?
  4. CBD Risks and Side Effects
  5. Conclusion

A Look into the Research of CBD for Fibromyalgia

Current research on the potential of CBD for fibromyalgia relief is severely limited. However, the results of the few studies that have been conducted show enough evidence for scientists to continue studying this subject.

Journal of Clinical Medicine 2019: Cannabis and Fibromyalgia

In a 2019 study published by the Journal of Clinical Medicine, researchers observed several hundred participants diagnosed with fibromyalgia for a minimum of six months. Since women are twice as likely to develop fibromyalgia as men, 82% of participants were female.

This study explored the benefits medical cannabis may provide for patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Although the medical cannabis used in the study contained both THC and CBD, the results provided a view into how cannabinoids may play a role in alleviating fibromyalgia symptoms.

Participants were initially given a low dose of medical cannabis. Over the course of six months, researchers titrated the dosage given to participants. The average starting dosage was 670mg/day, and by the six-month mark, the average medical cannabis dosage was 1,000mg/day. This resulted in participants being exposed to a daily average of 140mg of THC and 39mg of CBD.

This study did not come without a few limitations. Researchers stated that “this study was observational in nature and could not establish causality between medical cannabis use and improvement in fibromyalgia outcomes.” In other words, they were unable to definitively state that observed results were directly due to participants using medical cannabis because the study was neither randomized nor controlled.

Secondly, researchers faced issues with participants who were unwilling to follow-up after the initial six-month trial period. A 30% non-respondent rate was reported, which may have resulted in a non-response bias.

Lastly, the study was designed to incorporate 14 various medical cannabis strains. According to researchers, “this prevented [researchers] from conducting a comparison between THC and CBD strains and products in terms of effectiveness and safety.”

Limitations aside, the data collected was still grounds for researchers to deem medical cannabis a potentially “effective and safe treatment to fibromyalgia.” Additionally, the results of this study “highlight the need for further research.”

Overall, 52.5% of the study participants initially reported their pain level as “high”; however, after six months of treatment, the number of participants reporting “high” levels of pain was reduced to 7.9%.

International Association for the Study of Pain 2019: THC, CBD and Fibromyalgia

In a similar but much smaller study (n=20) published by the Journal of International Association for the Study of Pain, researchers explored medical cannabis use in fibromyalgia cases. This study varied from the aforementioned research by documenting how various THC:CBD ratios affected patient outcomes.

Participants were provided with four variations of medical cannabis. These variations included a placebo dose (containing no THC or CBD), a dose containing both high THC and CBD, a low THC/high CBD dose, and a high THC/low CBD dose.

The results of the study revealed that high CBD/low THC products were not successful in alleviating fibromyalgia pain. However, those using high THC/low CBD products reported a notable improvement in their pressure/pain threshold.

Here is where things get interesting for CBD. Although the high CBD/low THC products proved ineffective, 90% of participants reported a 30% improvement in spontaneous pain when using a product containing high concentrations of both CBD and THC.

Overall, researchers concluded that more research is required to understand the complexities of THC/CBD’s role in pain reduction though early evidence shows CBD alone may not be effective in treating fibromyalgia pain. That said, it is important to remember that this was a relatively small study and certainly not comprehensive evidence. 

Other Potential Benefits of CBD 

The growing list of potential CBD benefits makes this naturally occurring, non-intoxicating cannabinoid seem too good to be true at first glance, but results from studies around the world are beginning to back up some of these claims.

Many of the benefits touted by CBD users are only supported by anecdotal evidence at this time. That said, the amount of positive user experiences, like many of those reported in our 2019 US CBD Consumer Report, has garnered the attention of researchers worldwide.

In our survey of over 1,000 individuals, users reported the following regarding their experience with CBD:

  • 82.4% of those using CBD for energy reported CBD being very or extremely effective for increasing energy
  • 79.5% of those using CBD for mood reported CBD being very or extremely effective for mood regulation
  • 78.9% of those using CBD for relaxation reported CBD being very or extremely effective for relaxation
  • 76.8% of those using CBD for sleep reported CBD being very or extremely effective in helping them sleep
  • 67.4% of those using CBD for aches/discomfort reported CBD being very or extremely effective in providing relief from aches/discomfort

If we look at the controlled study results currently available, we can see additional reason to believe CBD has a lot of potential.

In a study published in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, researchers concluded that “CBD seems to produce its anxiolytic effects through receptors in the serotonergic system.” If you suffer from anxiety, you should check out our article that takes a deep-dive into using CBD for relief.

Another use case that has captured the attention of many is CBD’s potential to provide pain relief. Numerous studies have explored CBD as a pain treatment option with promising results. If you suffer from pain or have found yourself reaching for opioids, we recommend checking out our comprehensive piece on CBD’s potential to alleviate pain.   

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol or CBD is a naturally occurring compound produced by the cannabis plant. This cannabinoid is closely related to THC; however, CBD does not produce any intoxicating or psychoactive effects.

CBD’s non-addictive and non-habit forming properties, a growing list of potential benefits, and removal from the DEA’s controlled substances list are all contributing factors to its rapid rise in popularity.

CBD is widely available in most retailers around the nation. Manufacturers have created a litany of CBD products for consumers to choose from. Currently, CBD-infused product offerings include tinctures, vapes, edibles, patches, capsules, creams, smokable flower, and much more. 

CBD Risks and Side Effects 

Like most things, users should be informed of the potential side effects and risks associated with CBD use.


CBD users who also use or plan on using other OTC or Rx medications should discuss the potential for interactions with their medical provider.

CBD utilizes the Cytochrome P450 enzyme which is produced by the liver. This enzyme is responsible for metabolizing or breaking down CBD into a form that our bodies can use.

The potential for contraindications may surface when a CBD user takes another medication that also utilizes CYP enzymes in order to reach systemic circulation. An estimated 70-80% of modern medications rely on CYP enzymes.

Side Effects

CBD is commonly thought of as free of side effects, but this isn’t entirely true. Reports of side effects associated with CBD are generally deemed mild.

In a study published by the Journal of Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, the most commonly reported side effects associated with CBD use include sleepiness, changes in appetite/weight, and diarrhea.

That said, the same study also comments, “in comparison with other drugs, used for treatment of these medical conditions, CBD has a better side effect profile.” [13]

Limited Research

Although there are currently over 300 clinical trials underway involving CBD, there is limited information that has already been published.

This is due in part to CBD’s rapid rise in popularity coupled with the removal of many regulatory hurdles with the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill.

All current and potential CBD users should remember that a lot of evidence behind CBD’s potential is anecdotal. This isn’t intended to discourage users from trying CBD but instead, to serve as a reminder that just because CBD works for one person, doesn’t necessarily mean it will work for everyone. Hopefully, as more research becomes available, scientists will develop a better understanding of CBD’s mechanisms of action.

Is My CBD Product High-Quality? 

It probably comes as no surprise that, like most industries, there are some shady brands in the CBD space. Without additional regulation, the burden remains on the individual to ensure they’re using a high-quality CBD product from a reputable brand.

We recognize the headache this can be for many users. That’s what led us to create our CBD Knowledge Center. This free resource is filled with countless tips and guides to help you get the most out of your CBD purchases.

Additionally, we’ve implemented a Trusted Brands tool. This is a free tool where users can compare the pros and cons of CBD brands that we’ve thoroughly vetted for quality.

If you’re looking for a tip, we recommend checking for your product’s certificate of analysis (COA). COAs are documents provided to brands by third-party labs. COAs provide information regarding your product’s contents as well as the presence of potential toxins (heavy metals, pesticides, mold, etc.).

Every CBD product should have a matching COA available. If you’re unable to find a COA for your product on the brand’s website or if they’re unwilling to provide a copy of the COA, this is a major red flag and a reason to find a new CBD brand.

Another thing that all CBD users should check for is proper labeling. If the information on your product’s label seems vague or there appears to be a lot of room for interpretation regarding contents, dosage, or directions, we recommend reaching out to the brand through their website or social media for further clarification.

Overall, users should remember that a reputable CBD brand will always be happy to provide a COA for any of their products and discuss any questions you may have.


Preliminary research presents a mixed bag in terms of CBD’s ability to provide relief from fibromyalgia symptoms. With the hundreds of CBD-based clinical trials in progress, we suspect researchers will be able to provide a more definitive answer into CBD’s potential to help those suffering from fibromyalgia.

If you are currently battling fibromyalgia and want to try CBD, we recommend first speaking with your medical provider to develop a monitoring plan and discuss any changes to keep an eye out for.

We also recommend signing up for our free newsletter. This is a great resource for the latest CBD news, research findings, and product reviews.

The CBD Insider Editorial Team

The mission of The CBD Insider is to provide consumers with a way to find high-quality, safe, and well-formulated CBD products. Our editorial team of passionate industry professionals achieves this mission by providing unbiased, trustworthy, and well-researched reporting about the CBD industry.



Top 5 Cannabis-Infused Drinks

Not all people consuming cannabis like the idea of smoking or vaping. Some are looking for alternative forms of consumption. The good news is that alternatives do exist as there are many ways to use cannabis. One of these alternative forms is by drinking cannabis-infused beverages. They can be both alcoholic and non-alcoholic. It’s important to note that any alcoholic cannabis-infused beverages that are available on the market must meet

The post Top 5 Cannabis-Infused Drinks appeared first on CBD Education Online.

Republished by Plato



Top 5 Cannabis-Infused Drinks

Not all people consuming cannabis like the idea of smoking or vaping. Some are looking for alternative forms of consumption. The good news is that alternatives do exist as there are many ways to use cannabis. One of these alternative forms is by drinking cannabis-infused beverages. They can be both alcoholic and non-alcoholic. It’s important to note that any alcoholic cannabis-infused beverages that are available on the market must meet the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) requirements. Even though marijuana has been legalized in many American states, there are still strict regulation standards for drinkable cannabis. Therefore, each marijuana-infused drink must be approved before being sold. That’s one of the reasons why it still may be difficult to buy this type of beverage. Luckily, it is not hard to make a cannabis-infused drink by yourself. Let’s consider some of the most popular ways of consuming cannabis in drinks!

1. Cannabis-Infused Milk

Cannabis-Infused MilkThis is one of the most popular ways to drink marijuana. To prepare it, you need four cups of milk and nearly a quarter ounce of ground cannabis. Try to choose the highest quality ingredients. Don’t buy cheap products as your drink will depend a lot on the quality of your ingredients.

First, you need to decarboxylate your marijuana which means to activate its psychoactive components by heating it in the oven. You should keep cannabis at a temperature of about 275 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes. Meanwhile, pour the milk into a boiler and allow it to simmer. Then, add the marijuana and stir it occasionally for 30 minutes until it is thoroughly blended with the milk, which will change colour to spring green. Before serving, cool the milk for at least an hour.

You can not only drink cannabis milk alone but also use it as an ingredient for other recipes. Once you make it, cannabis-infused milk allows you to prepare many more beverages and edibles with weed.

2. Cannabis Lemonade

Cannabis LemonadeThere are a number of recipes for making cannabis lemonade depending on the desired flavour. To achieve the best result in lemonade preparation, you should use a cannabis tincture which you can either get from a dispensary or make at home.

Making cannabis lemonade only requires squeezed lemons, water, and sugar. Take 2 tablespoons of cannabis tincture for every 1/4 cup of lemon juice, 1 ¾ cups water, and 1/3 cup of sugar or honey.  You can add some ice and garnishes according to preference, for instance, fresh strawberries.

3. Protein Shake

Protein ShakeIf you are into fitness and a healthy lifestyle, you can try a marijuana protein shake. It’s really easy to make using cannabis coconut oil. First, you need to boil coconut oil and cannabis together, then just add it to your usual protein shake. Enjoy this healthy and delicious alternative to ordinary sports drinks!

4. Cannabis Iced Tea

Cannabis Iced TeaTo make this refreshing drink, you need to add cannabis to your tea blend, put it into a bag, then place it in boiling water. The longer it steeps in hot water, the more potent your drink will be. You can also use cannabis tinctures or milk instead of a teabag. Add some spices to taste and add ice. To sweeten your iced tea, you may add sugar or honey. This beverage is definitely worth trying!

5. Coffee

Cannabis coffeeIf you always start your morning with a cup of flavoured coffee, make your routine a little bit different. You can do it by adding a tablespoon or two of cannabis oil to your cup of joe. If you are trying to cut on calories, coconut oil can replace cream and sugar for you. This may be a great alternative to traditional coffee as a cannabis drink can enhance your mood and give you energy for the whole day. Don’t be afraid to experiment with your morning drinks and find out what works best for you.


Everyone has different preferences even when it comes to marijuana consumption. Luckily, today cannabis is available in various forms. You can choose from edibles, sweets, and even drinks. It’s absolutely up to you whether to buy cannabis-infused beverages or to make them yourself. You can create your own cannabis drink according to your preference which is limited only by your imagination. Marijuana-infused drinks can be considered a healthier alternative to smoking, but still don’t forget that everything should be in moderation. Note that cannabis drinks can give you a more potent experience and a stronger high. Moreover, some people like that drinkable weed brings its effects faster than edibles as it is digested more quickly and its components are absorbed into the bloodstream more easily. Typically, cannabis drinks take around 30 minutes to kick in. On the other hand, because of the faster ingestion, cannabis-infused drinks may last between 2 – 4 hours.

by Tia M., Editor and Contributor at AskGrowers

Digiprove sealCopyright secured by Digiprove © 2020

Share This Post


Continue Reading


The Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis

Traditionally the industry categorizes the marijuana plant by “Indica”, “Sativa”, and “Hybrid”. However, the more we learn about the hemp and cannabis plants, the more we discover this approach is flawed. It is becoming outdated. This historic system typically applies to cannabis, but does not translate well for the hemp industry as a whole. Research […]

The post The Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis appeared first on GreenBox.

Republished by Plato



Traditionally the industry categorizes the marijuana plant by “Indica”, “Sativa”, and “Hybrid”. However, the more we learn about the hemp and cannabis plants, the more we discover this approach is flawed. It is becoming outdated. This historic system typically applies to cannabis, but does not translate well for the hemp industry as a whole. Research continues to show that we need a more sophisticated structure. One which accurately describes the different varieties of this unique plant. Once and for all, we will clarify how to navigate these plant varieties in a science led way.

We have discussed in the past that, according to science, hemp and cannabis are the same plant. We also know that this plant can do many different things based on its chemical makeup. This chemical makeup refers to cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds that the plant creates. Hence, the most accurate way we are today able to classify this plant is by its chemotype.

The word “chemotype” sounds pretty fancy. But, it’s actually a simple term when we break it down. Think of it as the blend of the words “chemical” and “type”. So really, we are trying to classify the cannabis and hemp class based on their chemical makeups. Currently, there are 5 types of chemotypes that focus on just the cannabinoids; Types I – V. Note that it does not consider the other compounds available in the plant, like terpenes. This is important as we will be looking at classifications based on terpenes in our next post! 

The Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis

Why are chemotypes important?

What are these chemotypes and why are they so important? The first 3 types are pretty straightforward. They finally give us a scientific difference between hemp and cannabis as we know it. To put it simply, Type I is high THC, low CBD content. Type II has a roughly 50:50 split of THC to CBD. While Type III is high in CBD and has a max amount of 0.3% THC. We dive into more detail for the full five types below.

Type I & II – cannabis

We categorise Type I as high in THC, and this is typically what we refer to as cannabis. It is also referred to as marijuana, too. We know that THC is psychoactive and is what causes the “high” associated with cannabis. Type II is less psychoactive than Type I. However, it still maintains a sufficiently high level of THC that would impair the consumer, albeit less so.

So, chemotypes I and II fall under the traditional cannabis category. These types are still illegal in a recreational sense in the U.K, EU and much of the US. However, they are increasingly available through medical programmes across the world, including the UK. Access is still limited, though.

Unfortunately, the lack of legality has stymied significant medical research of Type I and Type II categorized products. It is to the point that there is little expertise outside of the United States and Israel.

Type 3 – hemp

The Type III chemotype is where traditional hemp falls. As the U.K. and EU have recently raised the max THC limit to 0.3%, they now match US regulations. This further establishes said concentration as the standard THC limit for hemp. This reclassification now allows for consistency across the borders and truly establishes hemp as a Type III chemotype.

The physical effects of Type III products are significantly different than that of Type I and II. Type III is much more mellow and relaxed, and lacks the impairment that comes with Types I and II. Type III material is not psychoactive and will be the main focus for medical research in years to come.

Interestingly, while Type I and II will also go through significant testing for medical research, the associated “high” makes it difficult to prescribe as a kind of daily use-type medication.

Type 4 – rich in CBG

Type IV cannabis and hemp plants are gaining traction over the last year. These are plants which are high in Cannabigerol, or CBG. Researchers are interested in CBG because it binds directly to the body’s cannabinoid receptors. This is unlike CBD which does not do this. Further, it has a slightly higher affinity for binding to the CB2 receptors over the CB1 receptors.

Also, CBG is not psychoactive so it will not impair the consumer in the same way that THC does. Needless to say, there is a lot of excitement about CBG. But, we are still learning about its function and benefits to the human body. CBG does offer wellness benefits but it will take some time to quantify what those benefits will be.

Type 5 – no cannabinoids

Finally, we are at Type V of hemp and cannabis. This chemotype does not produce any cannabinoids at all! The science community is still figuring out what function they can serve. One idea is that they may be helpful in stabilizing the genetics of Types I – IV chemotypes, for example.

Drew Ford, our Hemp Advisor, says, “as we expand the industry I fully expect more chemotypes to be confirmed. This will happen as we stabilise more genetic variations which have a focus on the other minor cannabinoids. It is somewhat short-sighted to think we can classify this plant and its 113+ cannabinoids with just a few categories. By focusing on the chemical makeup we discover it is a much more accurate system to understand the amazing benefits of this plant”.


Continue Reading


GreenheartCBD Founder Paul Walsh named to the All-Ireland Business All Star List




Greenheart, the leading licensed Irish sustainable producer, is delighted to announce that company co-founder and visionary Paul Walsh, has received a Thought Leadership award for innovation, technology, and sustainability, from the All-Ireland Business Foundation All-Star Ireland awards.

This prestigious accolade is given to a very small number of leading business innovators and visionaries in Ireland each year. The award follows closely on Greenheart’s own accreditation by the All Ireland Business Foundation. This accreditation is an outstanding achievement and recognizes the hard work and dedication of the Greenheart team in providing the best in class service to all our customers.

Greenheart was founded two years ago in Ashbourne, County Meath, and was formed two years ago by childhood friends Mark Canavan and Paul Walsh. The company produces a full range of sustainable oils – and shortly – edibles and balms for the retail market. Although Greenheart only began selling its oils in January 2020, it already has over 1,500 customers, a customer return rate three times the industry average and over seventy trusted 5-star reviews on its website. 

Before launching Greenheart, Paul and Mark spent years researching extraction methods to produce the most effective agricultural products, for the end consumer with full traceability from seed to shelf. The company is the first sustainable producer in its market to use the full scope of cutting edge technology in its cultivation and production. This includes Big Data, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning, and Blockchain technology at each stage of the planting, harvesting, production, and retailing process.

Greenheart Punt Token

The company is launching its own product token on December 1st – the Greenheart Punt – which will trade on the LAToken exchange and allow its stakeholders to access its products at the greatest possible discounts on its new apps platform. 

The Greenheart Punt token is being backed by a real commodity – 1,000 liters of Greenheart’s oil in year 1 (with a retail value of $4 million US dollars) – allowing token holders to redeem their tokens directly for Greenheart oil.
The company also plans to continue deploying pioneering sustainability technology and cold press extraction, while also launching an Innovation Centre to teach farmers and the wilder public about the benefits of growing hemp and sustainable crops in Ireland.

Source: Shane Walsh

Continue Reading
CBD2 days ago

CBD News: CBD court ruling brings additional support in Germany for access

Heartland4 days ago

Lebanon Legalized Medical Cannabis, 1st in Arab World

Heartland4 days ago

Lebanon Legalized Medical Cannabis, 1st in Arab World

Heartland4 days ago

Lebanon Legalized Medical Cannabis, 1st in Arab World

Heartland5 days ago

Mounce: Hemp in Mexico and Texas: Pot Luck?

CBD1 day ago

GreenheartCBD Founder Paul Walsh named to the All-Ireland Business All Star List

Metal3 days ago

RINL subsidiary BSLC seeks to make dolomite supplies to other steel mills

Heartland4 days ago

CBD4 days ago

What Is CBD: The Complete Beginner’s Guide

Heartland5 days ago

Heartland5 days ago

Material3 days ago

Gamma radiation modified the optical, electrical, and antibacterial characterization of CuONPs doped in Polyethylene Oxide/Polyvinyl Alcohol

Heartland3 days ago

REVIEW: High Five Duo

Material3 days ago

Fabrication and characterization of nanostructured zinc oxide on printed microcontact electrode for piezoelectric applications

Heartland5 days ago

Material5 days ago

Structural analysis and magnetic characterization of ternary alloys (Co–Fe–Ni) synthesized by mechanical alloying

Manufacturing4 days ago

Building Fundamentals of Manufacturing

Heartland5 days ago

CBD for IBS? M/28/NY

Heartland5 days ago

Material5 days ago

PtOx-TiO2 anatase nanomaterials for photocatalytic reformation of methanol to hydrogen: effect of TiO2 morphology

Heartland4 days ago

CBD Full Spectrum Distillate

Uncategorized3 days ago

Did Joe Biden and Kamala Harris Just Pull A Fast One On The Cannabis Industry?

Heartland5 days ago

Material5 days ago

Synthesis and photocatalytic investigation of ZnFe2O4 in the degradation of organic dyes under visible light

Heartland5 days ago

This is what 58 looks like: Mother-of-four says daily bathing rituals, CBD cream and menopause …

Heartland5 days ago

Less Indiana hemp went to pot in 2020

Heartland5 days ago

I’m sure this has been asked before but I can’t seem to find a consensus. What is the best brand/product to take for strictly sleep. Are there any specific sleeping blends out there?

Heartland5 days ago

Heartland4 days ago

Heartland4 days ago


A Cloud Nine Capital Entity Copyright © 2020 – All Rights Reserved Proudly Made in America