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CBD Dosage?

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Hi everyone

First time poster on this sub.

I’m not clued up on taking CBD and wondered if any of you kind people can help me!

I’ve been having sleeping problems for a few months now – just not being able to mentally switch off (even if I am physically exhausted. I might also be helpful to mention I suffer from intermittent depression and moderate anxiety I may add, although right now just thinking of trying CBD for help with switching off).

I’d like to try a tincture/oil CBD product, maybe even capsules. However I was always under the impression that the cheaper stuff (e.g. 2.5% or 250mg in 10ml seems fairly commonly available) might not be concentrated enough in CBD?

I’d be really grateful indeed if somebody knowledgeable in this area could give me some advice! Anything in particular available on Amazon or the U.K. would also be helpful, although just some general advice on dosage would be great too 🙂 ✌️

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/CBD/comments/l248p6/cbd_dosage/

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New Additions to the African Green Rush

In the last few years, the trend in Africa has been to legalize cannabis for medical purposes and open international cannabis export industries. The most recent countries to join the African green rush are Uganda, Rwanda, Ghana, and hopefully Morocco. Are you a THC aficionado? If you are, then you probably already know it’s not […]

The post New Additions to the African Green Rush appeared first on CBD Testers.

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In the last few years, the trend in Africa has been to legalize cannabis for medical purposes and open international cannabis export industries. The most recent countries to join the African green rush are Uganda, Rwanda, Ghana, and hopefully Morocco.

Are you a THC aficionado? If you are, then you probably already know it’s not just about delta-9 THC anymore. With the inclusion of the newest form of THC, delta-8 THC, cannabis users can choose the level of psychoactive response they are happiest with, and even reduce associated anxiety. We’ve got great Delta-8 THC deals, so if you’re a real THC fan, you’ll definitely want to try it out.

Lesotho and the start of the African green rush

The African green rush started with Lesotho in 2017, when the government legalized the cultivation and production of medical cannabis for exportation, the first in Africa to do so. The first companies to jump on the opportunity were Canadian, with several licenses given out to Canadian companies by 2018.

Lesotho is a poor African country which is enclaved in South Africa. About 80% subsist on farming, however, draughts and mountainous areas have made it hard to grow many crops. Cannabis is not one of them, which makes it preferable for farming. The country also generates revenue off of livestock, diamond mining, and water. As of 2017, approximately 57% were living under the poverty line, with half the population unemployed. HIV is a huge problem in the small country, with somewhere in the neighborhood of 23% being infected.

In the very beginning, Lesotho gave out licenses for free which enabled local farmers to obtain them. It didn’t take long for the price of licensing to go up to $37,000, essentially ruling out local participation. Fast-forward to August 2020 and it’s not the smooth operation that had been hoped for. There has been questioning into how the licenses have been distributed, with Lesotho’s king Letsie III warning the Ministry of Health about the industry being threatened by corruption. One license holder even gave up on the industry after not being able to secure investors because of Lesotho’s poor regulation.

Zimbabwe was the second country to join the African green rush. In 2018, the government of Zimbabwe legalized the cultivation of cannabis for medicinal, export, and research purposes. One year later the law was amended to allow the cultivation of industrial hemp as well. Licenses for growing cannabis in Zimbabwe are approximately $40,000, along with annual return fees of $15,000, and renewal fees of $20,000. Research fees are $5,000 if applicable to a company, with a renewal fee of $2,500. These prices were the prices established at the beginning of the market.

Zimbabwe has also had some bad financial issues, much of it related to land reform issues due to problems between black and white farmers stemming from a shared ancestry in the Colony of Southern Rhodesia. In an effort to redistribute land, many white farmers were ousted, which meant a drop in crop outputs like cotton, tobacco, wheat, and coffee. Prior to the medical legalization, cannabis was illegal in every capacity, and is still illegal for recreational use and medical use today. Citizens of the country can’t access a medical system, much like in Lesotho.

Zambia was next to fall, changing its legislation in December, 2019. The government unanimously approved a bill to legalize the cultivation and exportation of medicinal marijuana. Licensing for cultivation is regulated by the Ministry of Health, and cultivation operations are monitored by the Zambia National Service. Licenses at the time of approval were set at $250,000, also an exorbitant amount for a local farmer in a poor country to pay.

Is Zambia poor? Sure is. Zambia is known for copper and the exportation of metals and minerals. Agriculture is also big, along with tourism as Zambia is home to Victoria Falls. Prior to 2018, approximately $8.4 billion was being added to Zambia’s national debt every year, going up to closer to $10.5 billion since 2018. Much like the other countries mentioned, Zambia is illegal for recreational cannabis use, and hasn’t established a medical program for its own citizens, instead only using the industry for exportation.

Malawi and South Africa

2019 was also the year that the first South African license was awarded for commercial production of cannabis in South Africa. The license went to Afriplex Ltd. working together with House of Hemp. South Africa is a little different than the previous countries mentioned in that it actually does have lax cannabis laws for citizens, decriminalizing personal cannabis use, possession, and cultivation in a 2018 Constitutional Court ruling. Medical cannabis was legalized in 2017, along with the ability for a global import/export medical cannabis market.

At the end of June 2020 it was reported that Afriplex was not only the only licensed producer in South Africa, but was in the process of readying the first export of locally-cultivated cannabis. A different report from October 2019 states that, in fact, Polkadraai Strawberry Farm was the first company to gain licensing to grow cannabis for medical exports in South Africa, given out by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority. According to the report, the company was cleared to produce 20 tons of cannabis flowers in the company’s 46 thousand square meter production facility. Either way you look at it, the market has been moving slowly, but is starting to pick up pace.

Malawi, another impoverished African country, with the majority of the population working in agriculture on subsistence farms, with larger, richer farmers growing coffee and tobacco on big plantations. This has led to massive wealth inequalities, with the majority of the population living in extreme poverty, characterized by widespread and chronic malnutrition, high infant mortality rates, and general sickness.

In February 2020, Malawi’s parliament signed off on a bill to legalize medical and industrial cannabis production, and even outlined certain specifications for a domestic market for citizens. This makes it a step up from other countries like Lesotho and Zambia which didn’t specify information for domestic markets, essentially leaving their own citizens out (or at least until a market is established…which doesn’t have to happen). In terms of the business end, the bill established a Cannabis Regulatory Authority, instituted a 1% cap on THC in hemp, and set up rules for cultivation and exportation.

Morocco

Morocco is interesting for two reasons. The first is that it’s the largest illegal exporter of cannabis resins globally, dwarfing any legal industry with an output of approximately one million kilos of hash a year, worth about €8 million. This puts it at a massive advantage with legalization in that it has the ability to take over the medical export industry, particularly to Europe, and to be the prime exporter of the African green rush countries. Assuming the illegal industry can be converted into a well-functioning legal market, Morocco holds an interesting position in its ability to divert a massive income stream, and take it.

The second interesting thing about Morocco is that as of yet, the regulations set out for cultivation and production specify laws that protect local farmers, even requiring prospective growers and producers to be Moroccan citizens. The bill, announced on February 25th, 2021, is scheduled to be voted on next week, and aims to develop cooperatives where farmers can cultivate crops for sale to international companies.

How much the bill covers a domestic medicinal market is hard to say at the moment, and will become clearer assuming it passes (though it currently has no obstacles). The hope would be that a country forward-thinking enough to empower its own farmers, will also allow medications for its own citizens.

New additions: Uganda, Rwanda, Ghana

In Uganda, cannabis is still illegal, however, in January 2020, the Ugandan Health Minister approved the exportation of cannabis for medical purposes, along with 15 general guidelines, one of them being that prospective exporters cannot take part in deals worth less than $5 million. The weird part about this is that there was a company already exporting out of Uganda for several years.

Rwanda. In October 2020, Rwanda legalized the cultivation and production of medical cannabis, but strictly as an export, as in, no right for citizens to use these medicines. The law specifically states it will not change the strict laws in place for citizens, which can mean two years in jail for possession and use crimes, while sale, supply and trafficking crimes can mean 20 years to life in prison. In the same month it legalized production for medical exportation, the country approved its first four applications for licenses.

The last new addition is Ghana. In March 2020, Ghana’s parliament approved the Narcotics Control Commission Bill, which legalizes the cultivation and use of cannabis for medical and industrial purposes. The caveat to this bill is that it only applies to low-THC hemp, with .3% THC or less. Said the president of the Hemp Association of Ghana – Nana Kwaku Agyemang:

“We are not promoting smoking, we are promoting the industry, we are promoting cleaning up the environment, we are promoting creating a new revenue stream for government in terms of taxing from cultivation and export and we are talking about promoting medicines that are far better than opioids, medicines that cannot kill you because no one has died from taking cannabis.”

Conclusion

As 2021 really gets going, Africa reinforces its stance as a force to be reckoned with in the field of global medical marijuana production. Just imagine the power of the region if the majority of countries were in on it? It could dwarf the outputs of other nations, other entire continents. The unfortunate aspect is that these laws most of the time are not helping local citizens. Many are not providing citizens access to medicines, and most are setting impossibly high licensing costs that a poor farmer could never afford. So, while Africa gears up to be a leading cannabis producer, in many countries it still seems to be at the cost of its own citizens.

Welcome to CBDtesters.co, the #1 location for all cannabis-related news from around the world. Come by frequently to keep up with the fast-paced world of legal marijuana, and sign up to our newsletter so you’re always on top!

Resources

Is Lesotho Selling Out Its Own Citizens to Ride the African Green Rush?
South Africa Introduces Some of the Most Lax Laws on Cannabis Yet

Uruguay Was The First Country to Legalize Cannabis – How Are They Doing Now?
Next Stop for Cannabis Industry Investors: Malawi
What is DELTA 8 THC (FAQ: Great resource to learn about DELTA 8THC)

$40k+ Will Buy You a License to Grow Cannabis in Zimbabwe
Cannabis Is Illegal in Zambia, but Exporting It Is Totally Fine!
The CBD Flowers Weekly newsletter (your top resource for all things smokable hemp flowers). How to choose Delta-8 THC flowers? South African Government Declassifies CBD From Dangerous to Medicinal
The Medical Cannabis Weekly newsletter (International medical cannabis business report)
Morocco to Shake Things Up With Legalized Medical Cannabis
The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter (All you need to know about Delta 8 thc) and the Best Delta 8 THC Deals. Best Delta-8 THC Vape Bundles – Winter 2021 Zimbabwe Attracts Cannabis Farm Investment From U.K.
Colombia Joins International Cannabis Market Sinaloa Cartel Might Run Mexico’s New Cannabis Industry Mama Cultiva & the Fight for Cannabis Legalization
Luxembourg Likely to Be First EU Country to Legalize Recreational Cannabis
Africa’s Green Rush and the Mad Dash to Update Cannabis Regulation Cannabis Is Illegal in Zambia, but Exporting It Is Totally Fine! Legalized Religiously – How Rastafari Tradition Is Helping Ease Cannabis Regulation in the Caribbean

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Source: https://cbdtesters.co/2021/03/07/new-additions-to-the-african-green-rush/

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Legislative review: Senate committee passes bill that could reduce regulatory standards for farmers

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State of the State address goes virtual

People hold American flags Monday, Jan. 11, 2021, outside the Capitol building in Boise. Governor Brad Little gave his State of the State address later that afternoon virtually.

BOISE — The Senate Agricultural Affairs Committee passed a bill this week that could lead to less stringent regulations for farmers and ranchers in the state.

House Bill 167 would require the Idaho State Department of Agriculture to consider the economic implications of rules and regulations the department imposes.

“Where not prohibited by federal or state law, the requirements imposed on agricultural operations shall be economically feasible, based on data, studies, and other information,” the bill states.

The Associated Press reports the legislation comes after agriculture groups in the state tried, and failed, to get the department to reduce the standards regulating the amount of cow manure that can be placed on fields as fertilizer. Cow manure contains phosphorous, which can pollute waterways through runoff or seeping into the ground and rising to the surface in springs.

According to the Associated Press, Bob Naerebout of the Idaho Dairymen’s Association — one of the groups supporting the bill — told the committee that the industry wants to follow the state’s regulations, but ones that aren’t economically sustainable shouldn’t be in place.

The bill now goes to the full Senate for a vote. It passed through the House in February with a 57-10 vote.

Legislative review: House committee postpones decision on hemp bill

Legalizing hemp

A few days after delaying a vote on a bill to legalize industrial hemp in Idaho, the House Agricultural Affairs Committee passed the legislation on Tuesday.

Idaho is the only state in the country that hasn’t legalized industrial hemp, which is a variety of cannabis with a THC concentration of less than 0.3%. THC is the psychoactive compound present in marijuana.

In December 2018, Congress passed legislation that removed hemp’s status as an illegal substance. And in January, the United States Department of Agriculture released its final rule governing industrial hemp production in the country, Braden Jensen, a representative with the Idaho Farm Bureau Federation, told the committee on Feb. 24.

Despite this federal action, hemp remains listed on Idaho’s Schedule I controlled substance list, and House Bill 126 wouldn’t remove hemp from this list altogether. Instead, it would only legalize hemp for farming purposes.

During the first committee meeting on this legislation, multiple lawmakers said they would rather see a bill move forward that removes hemp from this Schedule I list so that Idahoans could legally access hemp-based products containing THC concentration levels below 0.3%.

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“I know it does need to be removed, but based on the political climate and our administration here in the Capitol, I don’t think it would ever go anywhere,” Rep. Dorothy Moon, R-Stanley, said during the committee’s Feb. 24 meeting.

After passing through the committee, the bill moves to the full House for a vote.

Legislative review: Houses passes bill taking away local control of renaming streets, removing monuments

Sex education opt in requirement

Parents would have to opt in before their kids could receive some sex education lessons in school under a bill the House passed on Friday.

The legislation, if enacted, would change existing state law that allows parents the option to prevent their children from receiving sex education lessons in school.

Under this law, parents would have to complete a written form two weeks prior to the sex education lesson. These are lessons that cover the topics of “sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, eroticism, sexual pleasure, or sexual intimacy.”

The House passed the legislation with a 56-12 vote.

Legislative review: Senate passes constitutional amendment prohibiting marijuana legalization

Defunding abortion providers

The House passed legislation on Tuesday that aims to prevent public funding from reaching abortion service providers of any kind.

House Bill 220 would prevent all levels of government — including cities, counties, school districts and public health districts — from contracting or participating in commercial transactions with abortion providers. The bill also prohibits public employees from assisting someone in receiving an abortion or counseling them about their abortion options.

The Associated Press reports that opponents to the legislation say it could prevent some women from accessing cancer screenings, birth control and other services offered by providers such as Planned Parenthood. Other lawmakers opposed to the bill because it didn’t ban abortion altogether.

After passing the House with a 55-14 vote, the legislation heads to the Senate.

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Source: https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=https://magicvalley.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/legislative-review-senate-committee-passes-bill-that-could-reduce-regulatory-standards-for-farmers/article_538ab27c-0d6d-5db2-be78-65f0e9a98bb6.html&ct=ga&cd=CAIyGjYxZmRhODRmNjY4MjhhNTU6Y29tOmVuOlVT&usg=AFQjCNFRiIhtSagfLjb8FoGe3cbSWGZcUg

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Legislative review: Senate committee passes bill that could reduce regulatory standards for farmers

Republished by Plato

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Legalizing hemp. A few days after delaying a vote on a bill to legalize industrial hemp in Idaho, the House Agricultural Affairs Committee … Checkout PrimeXBT
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