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Canada’s Stubborn Black-Market Cannabis Problem

Cannabis legalization came with the promise that it would prevent unnecessary incarceration, eliminate the black market and create new revenue for the government. While two of these three goals have succeeded, the black market continues to thrive in both many U.S. states and Canada despite the legalization of recreational cannabis use. Let’s take a look […]

The post Canada’s Stubborn Black-Market Cannabis Problem appeared first on CannabisFN.

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Ryan Allway

October 26th, 2020

App, Exclusive, Top Story


Cannabis legalization came with the promise that it would prevent unnecessary incarceration, eliminate the black market and create new revenue for the government. While two of these three goals have succeeded, the black market continues to thrive in both many U.S. states and Canada despite the legalization of recreational cannabis use.

Let’s take a look at the country’s ongoing struggle with black market cannabis supply and how recently public Christina Lake Cannabis Inc. (CSE: CLC) offers a solution.

Christina Lake Cannabis’ stunning 32-acres of licensed cultivation space

Black Market Persists

Canada legalized recreational cannabis two years ago, but many consumers still turn to the black market for their supply. While eliminating the black market has been a key policy goal, a government survey found that 40 percent of Canadians admitted to obtaining marijuana illegally since legalization took place in October of 2018.

Legal prices and taxes have made legal cannabis far more expensive than black market cannabis while online ordering doesn’t let consumers see what they’re purchasing in advance. Many consumers also complain that legal cannabis is often past its prime, especially because it takes so long for mail order products to arrive at their final destination.

Cannabis storefronts promise to help solve some of these issues, but many of the most populated provinces lacked an adequate number of stores. For instance, Ontario had only about 30 stores by the end of the first quarter. The good news is that Health Canada has started to accelerate the number of licenses that it awards for retail storefronts.

CLC’s Unique Approach

Christina Lake Cannabis Inc. (CSE: CLC) is a premier producer of high-quality, low-cost, sun-grown cannabis flower and cannabinoid oil on a 30+ acre property. With over 100 years of combined experience, the company’s cultivation team has embraced advanced operational support (e.g. drones with heat vision) and innovative genetics to be able to produce premium products.

The Company recently completed its initial harvest of more than 33,000 kilograms of cannabis on October 21st. With its innovative outdoor cultivation model, the company’s all-in costs are just 10% to 20% of the cost of indoor cultivation and an estimated half the cost of black-market product.

The legalization of outdoor cultivation in Canada could dramatically improve the black-market situation, especially if Health Canada continues to award new retail licenses. While many companies had already invested in costly greenhouses, outdoor cultivation is empowering newer companies to significantly reduce costs and the impact on energy use.

Click here to receive and investor presentation and corporate updates

Looking Ahead

Christina Lake Cannabis Inc. (CSE: CLC) aims to be cost-competitive with the black market while offering top-shelf products that are the result of cutting-edge cultivation techniques and ideally suited genetics. Recently, the company also announced the commissioning of Vitalis CO2 extraction equipment that will help it ramp up the production of high-value extracts.

While many other cannabis companies have been scaling back their operations, CLC has been scaling up its cultivation to better compete with the black market at scale on economics and quality, helping Canada turn a corner in convincing many of its citizens to abandon black market suppliers to turn toward the legal market for quality and value.

For more information, visit the company’s website or download their investor presentation.

Disclaimer

The above article is sponsored content. CannabisFN.com and CFN Media, have been hired to create awareness. Please follow the link below to view our full disclosure outlining our compensation: http://www.cannabisfn.com/legal-disclaimer/

This article was published by CFN Enterprises Inc. (OTCQB: CNFN), owner and operator of CFN Media, the industry’s leading agency and digital financial media network dedicated to the burgeoning CBD and legal cannabis industries. Call +1 (833) 420-CNFN for more information.

Ryan Allway

About Ryan Allway

Mr. Allway has over a decade of experience in the financial markets as both a private investor and financial journalist. He has been actively involved in the cannabis industry since its inception, covering public and private companies.


Source: https://www.cannabisfn.com/canadas-stubborn-black-market-cannabis-problem/

Heartland

Just tried CBD flower for the first time… I’m definitely high. Normal?

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I mean I used the same grinder that i grind my regular THC weed in but i doubt the tiny little pieces that mixed with the CBD herb mattered… so im just wondering why im high rn. Its a different high for sure, i just feel totally relaxed but its obvious that some THC is also taking effect. I bought this CBD flower at a dispensary and on the package, it said 0% THC and THC-A

Any ideas?

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/CBD/comments/k265fe/just_tried_cbd_flower_for_the_first_time_im/

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Heartland

Cannabidiol enhances cytotoxicity of anti-cancer drugs in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Cannabidiol (CBD) has anti-tumorigenic activity. However, the anti-cancer effect of CBD on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unclear. The cytotoxicity of CBD on HNSCC was analyzed using cell survival and colony-forming assays in vitro. RNA-seq was used for determining the mechanism underlying CBD-induced cell death. Xenograft mouse models were used to determine CBD’s effects in vivo. CBD treatment significantly reduced migration/invasion and viability of HNSCC cells in a…

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Cannabidiol (CBD) has anti-tumorigenic activity. However, the anti-cancer effect of CBD on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unclear. The cytotoxicity of CBD on HNSCC was analyzed using cell survival and colony-forming assays in vitro. RNA-seq was used for determining the mechanism underlying CBD-induced cell death. Xenograft mouse models were used to determine CBD’s effects in vivo. CBD treatment significantly reduced migration/invasion and viability of HNSCC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. HNSCC mouse xenograft models revealed anti-tumor effects of CBD. Furthermore, combinational treatment with CBD enhanced the efficacy of chemotherapy drugs. Apoptosis and autophagy processes were involved in CBD-induced cytotoxicity of HNSCCs. RNA-seq identified decreased expression of genes associated with DNA repair, cell division, and cell proliferation, which were involved in CBD-mediated cytotoxicity toward HNSCCs. We identified CBD as a new potential anti-cancer compound for single or combination therapy of HNSCC.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33244087/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20201127132139&v=2.13.0

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Heartland

Importance of Rouviere’s sulcus in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

CONCLUSION: Identification of Rouviere’s sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can serve as an additional reference point to avoid major bile duct injury. In the era of laparoscopy, it can be better visualized after creating the pneumoperitoneum and retracting the fundus of the gallbladder.

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Background: Rouviere’s sulcus is a 2-5 cm fissure on the liver between the right lobe and caudate process. The benefit of finding the Rouviere’s sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is supported by the fact that the cystic duct and artery lay anterosuperior to the sulcus, and the common bile duct (CBD) lays below the level of the Rouviere’s sulcus. Hence, it can serve as an extrabiliary anatomical reference point during laparoscopic cholecystectomy to identify the location of CBD.

Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was carried out on 99 patients during a period of 1 year. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Rouviere’s sulcus was identified after retracting the fundus of the gallbladder toward the right shoulder. Its morphology in terms of open type, close type, or scar-like shapes was recorded, and if the CBD outline could be visualized, then its relation with the Rouviere’s sulcus was noted.

Results: Among all 99 study patients, Rouviere’s sulcus could be identified in 63 cases (63.63%), whereas it could not be seen in 36 cases (36.36%) (P < 0.007). It was of open type in 68.25% (43 cases), close type in 25.39% (16 cases), and scar like in 6.35% (4 cases) (P < 0.0001). The Rouviere’s sulcus was found to be above the level of CBD line in 50 patients (79.36%) and at the same level in 11 patients (17.46%), and in two patients, (5.97%) CBD line could not be visualized.

Conclusion: Identification of Rouviere’s sulcus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can serve as an additional reference point to avoid major bile duct injury. In the era of laparoscopy, it can be better visualized after creating the pneumoperitoneum and retracting the fundus of the gallbladder.

Résumé Contexte: Le sulcus de Rouvière est une fissure de 2 à 5 cm sur le foie entre le lobe droit et le processus caudé. L’avantage de trouver la Rouvière sulcus au cours de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique est soutenu par le fait que le canal cystique et l’artère sont antéro-supérieurs au sulcus, et le le canal cholédoque (CBD) se situe sous le niveau du sulcus de Rouvière. Par conséquent, il peut servir de point de référence anatomique extrabiliaire pendant la cholécystectomie laparoscopique pour identifier l’emplacement du CBD. Matériels et méthodes: Cette étude observationnelle prospective a été réalisée sur 99 patients pendant une période de 1 an. Au cours de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique, le sulcus de Rouvière a été identifié après rétractation le fond de la vésicule biliaire vers l’épaule droite. Sa morphologie en termes de type ouvert, fermé ou cicatriciel a été enregistrée, et si le contour CBD pouvait être visualisé, alors sa relation avec le sulcus de Rouvière était notée. Résultats: parmi les 99 patients de l’étude, Le sulcus de Rouvière a pu être identifié dans 63 cas (63,63%), alors qu’il n’était pas visible dans 36 cas (36,36%) (p <0,007). C’était ouvert type dans 68,25% (43 cas), type proche dans 25,39% (16 cas), et cicatrice comme dans 6,35% (4 cas) (p <0,0001). Le sulcus de la Rouvière a été retrouvé être au-dessus du niveau de la lignée CBD chez 50 patients (79,36%) et au même niveau chez 11 patients (17,46%), et chez deux patients, (5,97%) CBD la ligne n’a pas pu être visualisée. Conclusion: l’identification du sulcus de Rouvière lors de la cholécystectomie laparoscopique peut servir de point de référence pour éviter une lésion majeure des voies biliaires. À l’ère de la laparoscopie, il peut être mieux visualisé après la création du pneumopéritoine et rétractant le fond de la vésicule biliaire.

Keywords: Bile duct; cholecystectomy; extrabiliary; laparoscopy.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33243952/?utm_source=Googlebot&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1zmroqAMnEquTZFTfdGx1V1gPEavo-Be3-FKTecJpOlB7LykCL&fc=20200804213506&ff=20201127132139&v=2.13.0

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