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Material

Application investigation of high-phosphorus steel slag in cementitious material and ordinary concrete

Publication date: March–April 2021

Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Volume 11

Author(s): Fei Sha, Peng Liu, Yongling Ding

Republished by Plato

Published

on


Elsevier
Volume 11, March–April 2021, Pages 2074-2091
Journal of Materials Research and Technology

open access

Abstract

It is essential to utilize high-phosphorus steel slag (SS) effectively. The retarding effect of phosphate on the setting time is investigated, the retarding mechanism of high-phosphorus SS is concluded. The hydration activation of high-phosphorus SS in cementitious material are studied with additives of calcium oxide and sodium sulfate. The application of high-phosphorus SS with composite admixture of blast furnace slags (BFS) or BFS + fly ash (FA) is investigated. The main properties such as setting time, flexural strength (FS), unconfined compressive strength (UCS), hydration mineral, microstructure, etc., are investigated. The results show that the soluble phosphate would be generated during the depolymerization and dissolution processes of vitreous bodies in high-phosphorus SS, the retardation effect of soluble phosphate is greater than that of insoluble phosphate. The approximate amounts of calcium oxide and sodium sulfate for the hydration activation are 4% and 1%. To ensure sufficient later UCS of concrete, the high-phosphorus SS content is suggested not to be over 35%. To ensure optimal mechanical performance, the range of blended mixture is recommended as 30–40%. The blended proportion of high-phosphorus SS, slag and fly ash is recommended as 1:2:1. This investigation is new at present and important to the recycling of high-phosphorus SS.

Keywords

High-phosphorus steel slag

Portland cementitious material

Workability

Retarding mechanism

Hydration activity excitation

Mechanical performance

© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2238785421001629?dgcid=rss_sd_all

Material

Simulation of deformation and fracture initiation during equal channel angular pressing of AZ31 magnesium alloy with covered tube casing

Publication date: Available online 31 March 2021

Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology

Author(s): A.R. Eivani, S.M. Mirghasemi, S.H. Seyedein, J. Zhou, H.R. Jafarian

Republished by Plato

Published

on


Elsevier

Available online 31 March 2021

Journal of Materials Research and Technology

open access

Abstract

The present research was aimed at lowering the deformation temperature by applying cover tube casing (CTC) to AZ31 magnesium alloy samples subjected to equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) without triggering surface defects and/or fracture. The Cockcroft-Latham (C & L) fracture model was incorporated into finite element simulation and the critical values for a fracture to occur were determined. The fracture was predicted for the samples deformed at 150, 175, and 200 °C without CTC and with CTC having thicknesses of 1 and 4 mm. The predictions of the model were verified with experimental data. It was found that the workability of AZ31 increased with increasing CTC thickness, as a result of a reduction in the maximum principal stress at the top surface, a uniform distribution of strains, and an increase in the critical damage. In practice, the use of CTC led to the possibility of a reduction in deformation temperature by 25 °C. A sound product with a homogeneous grain structure and a mean grain size of 11 μm was achieved at 175 °C. Thus, the ECAP working window for the alloy was enlarged with accompanying benefits in energy consumption, tooling life, and manufacturing costs.

Keywords

Finite element simulation

Equal channel angular pressing

Fracture

Magnesium

Workability

© 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2238785421003239?dgcid=rss_sd_all

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Material

Preparation, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide thin film doped with low chirality metallic SWCNTs

Publication date: Available online 31 March 2021

Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology

Author(s): Asmaa M. Abozied, Ayman M. Mostafa, A. Abouelsayed, A.F. Hassan, A.A. Ramadan, Emad A. Al-Ashkar, Badawi Anis

Republished by Plato

Published

on


Elsevier

Available online 31 March 2021

Journal of Materials Research and Technology

open access

Abstract

We present non-linear optical properties of graphene oxide (GO) doped with low chirality metallic single walled carbon nanotubes (m-SWCNTs) thin films. The weight percentage of the m-SWCNTs was 5, 10, and 20 wt%. High-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), high resolution scanning electron microscope (HRSEM), Raman, and UV-vis spectroscopy were used to characterize the prepared samples. We have investigated their nonlinear optical properties using open and closed Z-scan technique at Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm laser pulses (7 ns, 10 Hz). The nonlinear absorption coefficient β, nonlinear refractive index n2, and third order nonlinear susceptibility χ3 were calculated. The results show that all samples exhibit reverse saturable absorption (RSA) because of increasing metallicity and/or partial reduction of GO during laser illumination. The nonlinearity response of the GO/m-SWCNT films increase as the m-SWCNTs percentage increases. The high non-linear optical parameters of the GO/m-SWCNTs films make them as superior candidates for near-infrared (NIR) laser protection applications.

Keywords

Graphene Oxide

low chirality metallic-SWCNTs

NLO

thin film

Z-scan

© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2238785421003161?dgcid=rss_sd_all

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Material

Selective room-temperature leaching of copper from mechanically activated copper smelter slag

Publication date: Available online 1 April 2021

Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology

Author(s): Lyazzat Mussapyrova, Rashid Nadirov, Peter Baláž, Michal Rajňák, Radovan Bureš, Matej Baláž

Republished by Plato

Published

on


Elsevier

Available online 1 April 2021

Journal of Materials Research and Technology

open access

Abstract

Herein, the room-temperature sulfuric acid leaching of copper smelter slag powder in the presence of potassium dichromate was investigated, resulting in the selective extraction of copper with its separation from zinc and iron. To enhance the extraction of copper, mechanical activation in the planetary ball mill and attritor was used. The Taguchi method was applied to determine the optimal conditions for both mechanical activation and leaching. For mechanical activation in the attritor, a rotation speed of 1200 rpm, ball-to-powder ratio of 40 and milling time of 75 min were ideal. Under these conditions, the specific surface area (SBET) could be increased from 1.7 m2/g, for the starting slag, to 59.4 m2/g. According to ANOVA, the most important factor is the rotation speed. For comparison, the slag was subjected also to planetary ball milling using the same conditions and a specific surface area of 116 m2/g was obtained. Leaching conditions that maximize copper recovery and, independently, copper selectivity, were also found. The maximum copper recovery was 87.3%, while the maximum copper selectivity was 97.9%. The most influential parameters in leaching were the concentration of K2Cr2O7 and the liquid-to-solid ratio. The copper selectivity is attributed to better solubility of chalcopyrite (CuFeS2) in comparison with zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) and fayalite (FeSiO4) containing the other metals. This study provides a statistical approach for planning the experiments of pretreatment and leaching to efficiently obtain valuable metals from secondary raw resources in an environmentally interesting fashion by using low concentrations of leaching agents and mechanical pretreatment.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

copper smelter slag

copper recovery

mechanical activation

selective leaching

© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

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Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2238785421003173?dgcid=rss_sd_all

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